What You Need to Know about ENT Disorders

Perhaps one of the most discomforting health conditions affecting many people would be ENT problems. These are diseases of the interconnected passageways of the ears, nose, and throat. Some of the most common ENT disorders include ear infection, sinusitis, strep throat, tonsillitis, and sleep apnea. When bothered with these conditions, it is best to see an otolaryngologist, or simply known as an ENT doctor.

Signs and Symptoms of ENT Disorders

ENT disorders, if left untreated, can lead to more serious problems. Just to name a few, possible complications include permanent hearing loss, speech disorder, heart failure and other diseases. This is why it is important to monitor your body and consult a doctor at the earliest onset of the symptoms. Ear infections are common among adults and children. Symptoms of this ENT disorder include ear pain, loss of hearing, balance problems, discharges from the ear or frequent respiratory infection. Small children also manifest irritability, balance problem and fever when having ear infection. Another ENT disorder many people suffer from is sinusitis. Signs of an infection include constant sneezing and coughing, difficulty in breathing, sore throat and bad breath, headache, toothache and facial pain.

Tonsillitis is another common ENT disorder wherein the tonsils are enlarged and swollen for long periods of time. People suffering from tonsillitis often complain about having difficulties in swallowing, recurring pain in the throat area, bad breath and changes in voice. Having enlarged tonsils can also lead to another ENT disorder that can occur on both adults and children. Sleep apnea is characterized by pauses in breathing when asleep with symptoms such as snoring, waking up several times at night, headache, fatigue, and even depression.

Preventing ENT disorders

Ear infections can be easily prevented by taking proper care of the ears. Avoid sticking pointed objects in your ears. Ask your ENT doctor on how to properly remove earwax. Use earplugs when swimming to avoid water coming in your ears. Sinus infections can also be prevented by taking good care of the nose and sinuses. Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted areas. When suffering from simple colds and allergies, immediately treat them with over-the-counter drugs to prevent infection. Nasal washing and steam treatments are also highly recommend for sinus care.

Often times, tonsillitis is due to exposure to bacteria and viruses. So, good hygiene is also the key to preventing this, and other related conditions. Wash your hands frequently to get rid of dirt and germs. Avoid exposure to allergens and pollutants. As for sleep apnea, since excess weight is often the cause, try to maintain a healthy body weight. Watch what you eat and exercise regularly. Start leading a healthy lifestyle for a stronger immune system.

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