What Type of Medicine Do You Take When You Have Diabetes?

If you have been diagnosed with either type one or type two diabetes, your doctor may need to prescribe you medications to get your blood sugar levels under control. People with type one diabetes have to take medicine, while people with type two may have the option to control blood sugar levels with diet and exercise.

There are many types of medications that can help with the disease. Most medications come in either a pill or an injection. Consider the following types of medication and how they can help you properly maintain normal blood sugar levels.


There are medications that can help the pancreas make more insulin. These medications are taken in pill form approximately 30 minutes before eating. The brand names for these medications are Amaryl, Diabeta, Glucotrol, and Micronase. Each medication also comes in generic form, depending on your doctor’s prescription.

Another medication is available to help the liver release less glycogen which is stored sugar. This medication is called Glucophage and comes in pill form as well. If your doctor prescribes this medication, you should take it right before you eat.

Precose is a pill that is often prescribed to slow the digestion of food down into sugar. This pill should be taken in conjunction with the first few bites of a meal.

Prandin is a pill that you take along with any meal you eat. This medication helps stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin for glucose absorption.


Humilin R is insulin that is very similar, if not identical, to human insulin. It is injected to replace the insulin your body can no longer produce. This injection can be done with a variety of methods. Some people still use a syringe and insulin vial, while the more common method for injection is now an insulin pen.

These insulin pens are disposable and come pre-filled with insulin. You simply screw on a needle and then give your self a shot by clicking the pen top. These pens are often much more convenient than carrying separate vials, syringes, and needles.

Another type of injection can be done through an insulin pump. This is used for patients who have type one diabetes and need a constant supply of insulin. The injection is done by a catheter that is placed under the skin.

A small cassette size meter is programmed to administer the needed dose throughout the day. However, manual doses can also be administered before meals or snacks. These meters can save someone with diabetes from having to stick themselves over twenty times per day.

All of these medications are available by prescription only and it is up to your doctor to determine what is best in your case. In most cases, your doctor will take into consideration the stage, type, and severity of your disease to make the correct prescription recommendation. It is often common for doctors to periodically change medications, as many prescriptions can become ineffective after a while.