In this Trigeminal Neuralgia article series, we take a look at Trigeminal Neuralgia, its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
Trigeminal Neuralgia is also called "Tic Douloureux", which is French for "painful tic". It is characterized by facial pain which may occur upon eating, shaving or touching. This disease is not common. It occurs in 150 per million people per year and usually occurs in patients over 50 years of age.
Trigeminal Neuralgia is a disorder of the Trigeminal Cranial Nerve. We have twelve pairs of cranial nerves on either side of the head. The Trigeminal nerve is the fifth cranial nerve. The Trigeminal nerve has three branches:
V1 (Ophthalmic) affects the eye, forehead and nose
V2 (Maxillary) affects the upper teeth, gum and lip, the cheek, lower eyelid and the side of the nose.
V3 ((Mandibular) affects lower teeth, gum, lower lip and jaw.
Symptoms usually occur on one side of the face and can range from sudden, sharp, electrical or throbbing pain and can occur through the day.
What causes Trigeminal Neuralgia? Theories abound, but it is commonly believed to stem from compression of the Trigeminal nerve, due to a blood vessel pressing on the nerve, tumors in the skull, or multiple sclerosis.
Many people go undiagnosed with Trigeminal Neuralgia because symptoms mimic other conditions such as dental problems and migraines.
In our next series, we take a look at how Trigeminal Neuralgia is diagnosed as well as conventional medical treatment.
There are also holistic Trigeminal Neuralgia treatments [http://wellness.onyxopinions.com/neuralgia.html] which also give some relief.