Toenail fungus or onychomycosis, is a type of fungal infection which damages the toenail. The main cause of this disease is fungal growth, which is aided by the moist and humid conditions in the shoes. The fungal growth starts consuming keratin (protein) from the nails for their growth and thus causes swelling and uneven nail structure. The disease is more prone to adults, and estimates show that almost 50% of the people are once affected by this disease, throughout their life span. It is a transferrable condition and can spread from one person to other.
The bacterial action causes swollen, overgrown and thick nails with accumulation of bad smelling substance under them. With the passage of time the connecting tissue, weakens and the nail comes off. It is a chronicle condition and a proper doctor must be consulted before opting for a medication technique. A doctor may suggest anti-fungal medicines such as Sporanox and Lamisil, in addition to painkillers to alleviate pain. An alternate treatment method including nail polish having Loceryl or Loprox can also be used depending upon the severity of disease. These components act as an immune layer and thus reduce the action of fungus on nails.
The treatment plan including these medicines can cause serious side effects so one must consult the doctor before applying them. The treatment procedure is followed for a period of 12 weeks, under constant monitoring and a surgical removal might be necessary if there is no improvement in the condition of affected area within the specified period. Prevention is better than cure, so one should prefer comfortable shoes with enough ducts which can maintain a proper flow of air in the shoe. Also washing the feet regularly and using a anti-bacterial powder can alleviate the causes responsible for toenail fungus.