It is a devastating experience for many parents when they hear from their physicians that their child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy. This one disorder confuses not only parents but also doctors and that s why most doctors take a long time to diagnose this medical condition. After a thorough testing, the physician should be able to tell the parents what type of the disorder is affecting the child.
Cerebral palsy occurs due to damage of the part of the brain that can cause poor muscle coordination and body movement. Brain development in a baby starts right from the time of pregnancy till the time they reach three, and depending upon the damage that has occurred in their brains, babies can be classified as having different types of palsy. There are many types of cerebral palsy and spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type found in many children.
Parents should remember that cerebral palsy is not a progressive disorder that is it does not worsen as one ages. It is certainly not contagious or due to hereditary factors and most definitely not life threatening. When a child has been diagnosed as having spastic cerebral palsy, it means that your child has stiff muscles, which tend to become tight too. They show remarkable resistance when they are stretched. At times when they are overactive, they cause the child to put forth or exhibit clumsy movements. In normal people, muscles tend to work in pairs. When one group of muscles begins to contract, the other group begins to relax and this gives us free movement in our limbs. But in spastic palsy, the spastic muscles become active at the same time and this prevents movement and this muscular war between the two groups is called co-contraction.
Are On three types there of spastic cerebral palsy and they 're are On Diplegia spastic, spastic hemiplegia and spastic quadriplegia. When a child is diagnosed as having spastic diplegia then the child finds that their hip and leg muscles are tight and their legs are crossed at the knees thus making it very difficult for the child to walk. This kind of condition is known as "scissoring" or "scissors gait".
In spastic hemiplegia, the child experiences stiffness on only one side of his body and at times it is the arms and hands that are more affected then the legs. The arms and legs, which are on the affected side, have no normal growth and need the help of leg braces to enable him or her to walk.
In spastic quadriplegia, which is the most severe of the three a child who is affected by this disorder will be mentally, retarded in addition to having their limbs also affected. Not only will the child experience seizures it will also be difficult for the child to speak, eat and move with ease.
Spastic cerebral palsy can be treated with the help of therapy, medications and even surgery. Children with this disorder would do well to learn music and dance therapy, yoga, physical therapy so that they become better.