What is pneumonia? What causes pneumonia? How to treat pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition caused by a bacterial, viral or fungal infection, affecting primarily the alveoli in the lungs. The alveoli are the small air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen in the blood takes place.
Recovering from pneumonia can be difficult sometimes, especially in immunity compromised people and babies, and natural therapies such as home salt therapy can be of great help here.
Main symptoms of pneumonia are difficult breathing, coughing, fever and chest pain. Most cases of pneumonia are bacterial infections and the main treatment is with pneumonia antibiotics. It is mainly diagnosed by X-ray and sputum culture to determine the type of bacteria or fungi. Many people may need hospitalization, especially elders, infants and people with compromised immunity.
About seven percent of the population contact pneumonia each year and about 4 millions die each year of this disease, mostly in the poor developed countries and in most affected groups. The risk in developing pneumonia is increased in infants and elders, people suffering from COPD, smokers and people with immunodeficiency. Pneumonia causes list also includes some medical drugs or treatments that are associated with an increased risk of causing pneumonia.
Having a long-term disease such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, diabetes, heart disease or cancer may also predispose someone to pneumonia.
A bacterial infection will quickly bring symptoms such as:
– Coughing – cough up mucus from the lungs that is typically green, rusty or have traces of blood
– Fever and shaking chills
– Chest pain, especially with breathing in and coughing
– Shortness of breath and fast breathing
– Headache and cyanosis from low oxygenated blood
– Fast heartbeat
– Weakness, fatigue and feeling very tired
– Abundant sweating
Nausea, vomiting, dirrhea and even confusion, especially in elders, can also be part of the symptoms. Viral infection usually involves same symptoms but they come slowly and can be milder.
Some people may have very mild pneumonia symptoms and be able to carry on the regular routines, not even knowing that they have a type of pneumonia – this is called "walking pneumonia". Usually the microorganism here is the Mycoplasma pneumoniae. They have mild flu-like symptoms, headache and fatigue. The treatment for walking pneumonia is generally with antibiotics or they most often clear on their own.
How to treat pneumonia?
The classic medical treatment for bacterial infection pneumonia is with antibiotic therapy. For fungal pneumonia, depending on the types of fungi spores isolated or suspected, different antifungal drugs will be selected.
The recovery after pneumonia can take months and to fasten the recovery, salt therapy is the choice, being natural and without any side-effects.
The salt aerosol is well known for its bactericide / fungicide, mucolytic and hydrophilic properties, helping in killing bacteria and fungi, making the mucus fluid and eliminating obstacles in the whole respiratory system. These lead to decreasing inflammation and breathing better.