What is Nail Fungus?

Nail  fungus  is caused by very small organisms infecting one’s finger and toe nails. Generally, nails are very sturdy and can easily defend themselves against any kind of infections. They guard you like a strong fence blocking out all sorts of  fungi  and infections. However, in the case that a  fungus  gets through and is able to infect the nails, the resistant power of the nails works against the infected individual and it gets very hard to handle the infection.

The nail turns out to be a very secure site for the  fungus  to develop and grow causing the infection to spread further, which is why it’s really difficult to get to the infected area and cure the infection. Nail  fungus  requires warm and moist environments to grow and spread. Therefore the possibility of nail  fungus  infecting the toenails is quiet high because the ideal conditions for nail  fungus  to grow, which are warm and moist surroundings, are provided by the use of shoes and socks.

Nail  fungus  is very much different from the athlete’s foot also known as tinea pedis, which mainly infects the skin of the feet, but some times they are found to exist together and can be induced by the same sort of  fungus .

In the initial stages of infection, a whitish or a yellowish spot can be seen around the tip of your toe or finger nail. Your nail gets discolored, becomes thick and degenerate around the edges as the infection spreads further leading to an ugly and possibly agonizing problem. The  fungus  infection may also begin form the base and spread to the edges of the nail causing a red spot and one feels itchy. As the infection spreads through out the nail, the color of the nail changes to yellow-green or yellow-brown and white spots may also appear in some cases. The nail thickens causing pain.

Nail  fungus  can be infectious and flourish especially in places such as shower booths, locker rooms and baths. It may also spread through use of nail filers and cutters. The  fungus  can also be passed on from one nail to another.

What you can do to reduce the possibility of getting a nail  fungus  infection:

One should wash and clean hands on a regular basis. This will prevent one from getting infected. Also washing one’s feet and drying them out regularly along with wearing clean and dry socks and shoes will assist in keeping off the nail  fungus .

It is very hard to cure a infection caused by nail  fungus  and there are good chances of it reoccurring. But many medications are available in the market that can help you to clear up the infection.

One should wash and clean hands on a regular basis. This will prevent one from getting the infection. Also washing one’s feet and drying them out regularly along with wearing clean and dry socks and shoes will assist in keeping off the nail  fungus .