What Is Nail Fungus Treatment?

 Nail   fungus  also called Onychomycosis is a form of fungal disease caused by tiny organism known as Tinea Unguium infecting the toenails and fingernails. According to the research, these  fungi  thrive best underneath the  nails  due to the fact that nails provide a secure, warm, dark and moist environment hence making it difficult to treat this medical condition.  Nail   fungus  begins with redness and irritation on the  nail  base or sides and then spreads to other parts of the nail causing some changes on the nail bed and the nail itself. With time, the infected nails turn dark yellow-brown or yellow-green with white spots sometimes. Bleeding of the cuticles often occur while other signs that may be observed include: nail thickening, abnormal grooves and development of lines and small punched out holes.

 Nail   Fungus  Treatment

There are numerous  nail   fungus  treatment options ranging from medication to surgery. Medication: there are a variety of medications used to treat  nail   fungus  such as: oral antifungal medications e.g. terbinafine granules which is a form of synthetic allymine antifungal. Terbinafine inhibits squalene epoxidase thereby inhibiting ergosterol. This inhibits the growth of  fungus  on the  nails , however, this antifungal is not recommended for patients suffering from liver disorder.

Fluconazole: this is a form of antifungal drug that treats  nail   fungus  through inhibiting a fungal enzyme called cytochromes hence preventing lanosterol from being converted into ergosterol, a vital component of cytoplasmic membrane of  fungus  as well as preventing 14a-methyl sterols from accumulating hence causing their death.

Griseofulvin: this is an oral antifungal drug that cures  nail   fungus  by binding to tubulin hence inhibiting mitosis through interfering with the normal functioning of microtubule. In addition, griseofulvin binds to keratin found in precursor cell hence making them to resist fungal infection hence causing the death of these  fungi .

Antifungal lacquer: these are used in those  nail   fungus  that are mild or moderate. Ciclopirox is an antifungal lacquer that works by interfering with the normal functioning of certain enzymes i.e. Peroxidase and catalase, as well as other cellular metabolism components; hence interrupt membrane transfer system.

Topical medications: these are antifungal creams containing urea which accelerates its absorption. This allows them to penetrate through the  nails  hence killing these  fungi ; however, the  nails  should be cleaned first in order to reduce the amount of area infected.

Laser treatment: this involves use of ultraviolet beams in treating  nail   fungus . The procedure involves piercing the infected  nails  using podiatrist thereby enabling the  fungus  to vaporize. Normally, these ultraviolet rays are specifically directed to the infected nail area hence removing these parasites completely.

Surgery: in case of severe  nail   fungus  infection, surgery is considered the most effective option as it involves extraction of the infected  nails  hence creating a room for development of a new nails slowly. Surgery can be used together with antifungal lacquer to cure the nail bed.

Besides these  fungus  treatment options, there are various preventive measures that can be used such as eradicating any environmental condition that could allow these  fungi  to grow.