What is Nail Fungus Infection? What Are the Causes of Nail Fungus Infection?

Nail fungus is an ugly looking infection that takes away the beauty and the natural shine of the nail. The condition is very common in people of all ages. According to statistics, nearly 35 million people suffer from this disease. This indicates how common this disease is and how hard it is to keep yourself safe from catching the infection. Moreover, some of the people who are infected are diabetes patients, making the scenario and the chances of recovery far worse.

As the infection is caused by fungus, you can avoid this condition by maintaining proper hygiene. Initially the fungus enters the nail bed due to the presence of a wound or injury, or low hygiene of the nail and starts feeding the keratin, which is responsible for keeping the nail shapely and strong. As fungus flourishes in moist and humid places, any negligence in keeping the nails dry will increase the chances of being infected. It is also advised to wash your hands as many times a day with an antibacterial soap. When you’re done washing, make sure that you wipe your hands dry with a clean towel. You should also keep your nails trimmed and avoid wearing the same nail polish after 3 days. When visiting a nail parlor or beauty saloon, make sure that the nail tools are sterilized and free of germs. As the infection is contagious, chances are you may catch it from the tools used in the parlors. The nail fungal infection is also very common in elderly people due to their low immunity and slow blood circulation.

Nail fungus can be caused due to many reasons and the severity of infection can vary from case to case. A few of the common causes of this infection are stated below:

  1. The most common reason behind the fungal nail infection is a wound or nail injury. When the nail hits any object it causes some space between the nail and nail bed allowing space for the fungus to reside in. If immediate action is taken, fungal nail infection can be prevented. You should consult a doctor for treatment. Amongst the most common treatments are prescribed medications, home remedies including vinegar and tea tree oil, laser therapy and over-the-counter products. Since some of these cures are not without side effects, while others may prove to be futile attempts at destroying the fungus. Therefore, you should not use them without proper medical guidance.
  2. Humidity, moist atmosphere, high pH and warm environment play a vital role in the growth of fungus. In order to stay away from this infection, keep yourself and your body dry by creating an acidic environment. Avoid using synthetic socks as they do not allow the water to dry off. Instead, wear wool or cotton socks that allow the free entry of air.
  3. Low immunity can lead to fungal nail infections, as it does not have the strength to fight off the fungi. In order to keep yourself safe, eat healthy food that promotes your immunity against these harmful organisms.
  4. Slow or poor blood circulation leads to fungal growth. This is because the immune system only works effectively with an healthy flow of blood. Moreover, improper blood circulation can lead to feeble nails. In order to improve your blood circulation, you should consume a proper diet and exercise daily.

Nail Fungus Treatments are plenty, and most of them take time to work properly. There are many options out there, so simply learning about them will help you decide which solution is best for you. Solutions can range from at home remedies to medication, to even laser treatment. Here are the best Nail Fungus Treatments on the market.