Eczema on the foot requires proper care and attention. This is because your foot has a great chance of coming into contact with allergents often. Hence, there flare-ups that develop on your foot can happen pretty often if you have eczema prone skin.
Eczema on the foot can be just as irritating and uncomfortable as on the rest of the body. The itch can range from mild to severe, so you need to learn how to take care of it to keep it under control.
There are mainly 5 types of eczema affect the feet and legs. These types are atopic eczema, discoid eczema, irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and varicose eczema.
The most common kind of eczema is atopic eczema and it is believed to be hereditary. If you suffer from this kind of eczema, then your skin will be red, inflamed, and itchy. The common treatment method for this type is steroids or steroidal creams to help the swelling, and emollients to help decrease the itch.
Discoid eczema affects only adults in most cases. The appearance of discoid eczema is different in that it resembles small, round lesions and it is usually inflamed, itchy, and oozes fluid. The treatment for this type of eczema is the same as atopic eczema.
Irritant contact dermatitis (or eczema) is brought on by coming into contact with irritants like harsh detergents, household cleaners, soaps, chemicals etc. If the contact is prolonged, then you are going to experience a more severe flare-up.
There are creams that can be used to help decrease the swelling, but the most important thing that you can do is to avoid the irritants which trigger the flare-ups.
Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an allergic reaction to something that the person is allergic to. This can include a scratchy fabric like wool, fabric softener, food, etc. The symptoms are much the same as with the irritant contact dermatitis.
Varicose eczema is very often seen in people who have varicose veins, which means that it is most common in the elderly. This eczema type causes the skin to look speckled with the lesions that are swollen on the feet and legs. It is also itchy. The ankles are the most common area where you see varicose eczema. This kind of eczema can become very severe, i.e. ulcer formation on the feet and legs. That is why you need to begin treatment early for this kind of eczema. Treatment usually involves the use of steroids and emollients.
If you have eczema on the foot, then you may need to see a skin specialist. Your doctor will discuss all of your treatment options and will determine which creams and steroids are most appropriate for you. He will also examine any lesions that are oozing or open cuts to help them heal quickly and without infection. Bandages or dressings may be put on the lesions or cuts to protect them from infection and to decrease the spreading of the lesions.
Although you may be experiencing eczema on the foot and not on your face, the discomfort should not be anything that you should ignore. I have seen pictures at the clinic of my skin specialist of eczema on the foot that got so bad that the doctors have to recommend amputation of the leg to stop the infection from spreading.