What Is Diabetes Physiology?

The specific way in which metabolism is disrupted to cause an accumulation of blood sugar is called diabetes physiology. Diabetes is caused by insulin resistance or the non-production of insulin by the body. Diet and lifestyle changes are usually necessary in the treatment of diabetes. In a number of cases, insulin is injected into the body to keep the blood sugar levels close to the normal range.

Normally, the body metabolizes the consumed food to produce glucose which is then converted by the cells into energy. To have the food properly broken down and the resultant glucose distributed to all parts of the body, insulin is needed by the body. According to diabetes physiology, insulin cannot be produced properly and the amount of blood glucose increases. This results in the manifestations of a number of symptoms to show that the body is having problems satisfying the need for energy by the cells.

Insulin, which the pancreas produces, has an important part to play in diabetes physiology. Even when there is insufficient amount of insulin, what more if there is no insulin produced at all, there is great impact on the body’s metabolism of food during digestion. Severe complications can result if the body’s production of insulin is reduced or stopped, and cause too much glucose to build up in the bloodstream. If the processes linked to diabetes physiology are neglected, they can lead to neurological problems, organ damage, and heart disease.

When a person is affected by diabetes physiology, whatever happens is controlled by the production of body’s insulin. An inherited immune response which is overactive can be the cause of insufficient insulin, or no insulin, produced by the body. Not enough production of insulin results in type 1 diabetes. When there is sufficient insulin but there is a resistance to it, type 2 diabetes occurs.

Sign and symptoms that points to the possibility of a person becoming diabetic is part of diabetes physiology. Inherited genes, obesity and a quiet, inactive lifestyle play a part in the development of diabetes. People who are old and having family members with hypertension have the best chance of getting uncontrolled blood glucose.

How our body responds to the sugar present in our blood is what we call the diabetes processes. No matter what type of diabetes, the physiological process involves the accumulation of blood sugar. The type of symptom, and there are a number of them, experienced by the diabetic depends upon the raised levels of blood sugar.

Diabetes physiology involves the signs of increased blood pressure, a deteriorating vision, and increased thirst. Much unexpected weight loss can also occur. A usual sign of diabetes processes is the incapability to heal when there is injury or infection. Fatigue and hunger pangs are often experienced by the diabetic.

Changing to a healthier lifestyle is the first move to overcome the above mentioned effects of diabetes physiology. The changes ought to include having a diet low in carbohydrates and sugar, and getting enough exercise each day. Every diabetic is advised to test his or her blood glucose levels regularly and take steps to avoid complications, such as attending immediately to wound. Insulin needs to be injected into the body for those whose pancreas no longer can provide sufficient insulin to control their blood glucose.