What is Bronchial Pneumonia and what are its Causes and Symptoms?

Pneumonia is the condition that causes inflammation in lungs. It causes the inflammation in the alveoli when the lungs are filled with the fluid. Alveoli are the small microscopic air sacs present in the lungs responsible for air exchange. When these sacs are filled with the liquid, it causes inflammation in the lungs. This condition is called as pneumonia. There are many different causes of pneumonia. It can be caused by infection of bacteria, fungi, viruses, or some parasites. Pneumonia is also caused by the physical or chemical injury to lungs. The symptoms of pneumonia may vary depending on the type of cause of pneumonia.

The typical symptoms of pneumonia are fever, cough, cold, chest pain, and difficulty in breathing. It is diagnosed by examining the sputum by X-rays. The treatment of pneumonia depends on how the pneumonia was caused. The general bacterial pneumonia is treated by antibiotics.

Types of Pneumonia

Depending on the type of causes of pneumonia, it is classified as

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Viral Pneumonia
  • Fungal Pneumonia
  • Bronchial Pneumonia
  • Mycoplasma Pneumonia
  • Aspiration Pneumonia
  • Hospital Acquired Pneumonia

Bronchial Pneumonia

The bronchial pneumonia or bronchopneumonia is the type of pneumonia that causes acute inflammation on the walls of bronchioles. It affects one or more pulmonary lobules.

The cells present in the body depend on the oxygen for survival. This air required is taken from the atmosphere, travels through the nose and the respiratory tract within the lungs through the bronchi. Pneumonia causes swelling and pus formation in the lungs that causes patches in the lungs. These patches interfere with the transmission of oxygen. This type of pneumonia is called bronchial pneumonia.

The bronchial pneumonia can also be caused due to swallowing of small objects. These objects may cause patches in the bronchioles resulting in the inflammation and in turn bronchopneumonia. It may also be caused due to inhalation of harmful gases, dust particles, liquids or foreign bodies.

Infants, children and elder adults commonly suffer from bronchial pneumonia. The common symptoms observed in this type of pneumonia are

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Sweats
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Cough with or without mucus
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid and short breathing
  • Finger nails have blue tint
  • Yellow green Phlegm

The symptoms of bronchial pneumonia begin slowly and the patient experiences this condition with the infection in the upper respiratory tract. Patient feels rigidity in the chest and spit out the yellowish or greenish sputum. In some cases, the patient may feel pain in the body along with the fever which may later add up to headache and sweating. The symptoms and severity of bronchial pneumonia may depend on certain factors like health of the person.

The bronchial pneumonia affects the person with weak immune system. The infection of influenza or infection of upper respiratory tract can lead to bronchial pneumonia. The bronchial pneumonia caused by flu or cold is called walking pneumonia.

The physical examination of bronchial pneumonia includes checking the rashes on skin or cyanosis, and checking of heart rate, blood pressure and respiration rate. The abnormal sounds like wheezing, crackles are also observed to detect this disease. The diagnostic tests may include test of sputum samples and blood sample.

Treatment:

Bronchoscopy is the common treatment for bronchial pneumonia. The flexible tubes are inserted through the mouth of the patient into the lungs to take the samples of the secretion for testing. The antibiotics like erythromycin work best on bronchial pneumonia.