Aspartate, or also known as sodium poly, is an amino acid found in the human body responsible for the maintenance of certain body processes. In mammals, aspartate is considered to be a non-essential amino acid, and it simply means that it is produced inside the body. Among microorganisms and plants, aspartate also serves as a precursor to amino acids including methionine, isoleucine, threonine, and lysine.
There are also numerous sources of aspartate aside from it being naturally produced in the body. Aspartate is found in foods through meat products such as luncheon meats and sausage meat. It is also present from vegetable sources like sprouting seeds, asparagus, avocado, oat flakes, molasses, sugar beets, and young sugar canes. Sources for aspartate other than food products may come in the form of dietary supplements like salts or sweeteners like NutraSweet, Canderel, Equal, among others.
The function of aspartate may be quite diverse. One particular use of aspartate is in diagnosing periodontal diseases through aspartate transaminase, a type of enzyme that is found locally in the liver and heart. Laboratory tests are done to check if there are any occurring damages found in these organs. These tests can be included as a part of a normal medical check up where a blood sample will be obtained to undergo further examination.
In addition, aspartate aminotransferase can also be found in our skeletal system and heart tissues. The aspartate aminotransferase test is thus used to diagnose heart attacks and related issues about cardiology. This test is however mostly used in monitoring liver treatments and recognizing liver abnormalities.
Aspartate also serves as a by-product in a urea cycle. It is also one of the components used in gluconeogenesis, a series of chemical reactions that results in the production of glucose from substances such as glycerol, lactate, and glucogenic amino acids. It also serves as a neurotransmitter in the brain. Neurotransmitters are released chemicals from neurons that stimulate the transmission of impulses from one cell to another and throughout the entire nervous system.
All in all, aspartate is beneficial in monitoring organ functions and nerve transmissions in our body. By consuming foods that are rich in aspartate, one can easily monitor and allow an asparate aminotransferase to be done to check your heart and brain functionality. But most importantly, aspartate that is used in an aspartate aminotransferase would help easily detect any liver problem and stop liver failure from happening.