Ovarian neoplasm, more commonly known as ovarian tumor, is an abnormal growth of the cells in the ovaries. The growth can either be classified as malignant or benign. Screening is very important once the condition is detected because failure to diagnose whether the growth is benign or malignant and delay of treatment can possibly lead to worsening of the condition, which can be fatal.
A benign ovarian tumor is not dangerous. This can be described mainly as the non-progressive kind of tumor that do not grow and spread out to the other body organs. One of the most common causes of benign cysts is when natural secretion outlets in the body get clogged up, resulting to an accumulation of tissues or liquids in the area. Most of the benign cysts eventually go away and will not require immediate surgical removal.
The malignant ovarian tumor on the other hand, is made up of cancerous cells and tissues. This is the condition known as ovarian cancer or the malignant ovarian neoplasm. Compared to the benign cyst growth, malignant cells grow in an uncontrolled and unpredictable pace. They are capable of metastasizing or invading other tissues and body organs, killing healthy cells along the way and eventually leading to the failure of the affected organ. Cancer cells can spread through the lymph nodes or through the blood, which gives them the opportunity to be distributed to the entire body.
There are many causes of malignant ovarian neoplasm and scientists have grouped them into two general classifications: the hereditary origins and the environmentally caused growth. Cancer is a well-known hereditary disease but occurrence of ovarian cancer as being passed on through the genes is rare. The more common causes of ovarian cancer are the environmental factors, such as smoking and exposure to secondary smoke, unhealthy eating habits, infections, exposure to radiation and even lack of exercise.
Early detection is a must because late detection can allow cancerous cells to proliferate and complicate neighboring tissues and organs in the body. But cancer is a very difficult disease to diagnose in its early stages, which is the very reason the majority of those who are diagnosed with cancer are always in the late stages of the disease – stages that are less curable.
Common diagnostic tests for ovarian neoplasm include pelvic examinations and ultrasounds, which can visually detect abnormal formations in the ovaries. There are also blood tests that can detect certain levels of a substance in the bloodstream indicative of malignant ovarian growth. One of the latest diagnostic tests is the Magnetic Resonance Imaging or the MRI and the CT scans, which can give doctors more detailed information about the growth.
One of the most common questions that women ask is malignant ovarian neoplasm curable? Given that genetically inherited cases of malignant ovarian growth only accounts for 5-10 percent of the cases, the answer is a yes. Eighty to ninety-five percent are caused by unhealthy living, all of which you can simply do away with.