An endoscopy is performed to diagnose certain gastrointestinal and stomach diseases when other diagnostic methods are inadequate. It is also used to investigate diseases which have already been diagnosed, or to find out what other diseases can be triggered – which helps the practitioner recommend an appropriate treatment.
Diseases diagnosed by endoscopy include:
- Urinary tract infectious;
- Respiratory disease;
- Internal bleeding;
- Stomach ulcer;
- Irritable bowel syndrome;
- Chronic diarrhea.
In addition, an endoscopy is useful for diagnosing and treating cancer. It is used to obtain small tissue samples that are checked to see if it’s cancerous cells (biopsy).
In particular, the endoscopy procedure is used to obtain tissue samples from colon or lung. In some cases, before performing the test is followed a treatment with antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
Although the procedure is painless, local anesthesia is recommended to relieve discomfort. Then, the endoscope device is guided into the body carefully, placed according to the body to be examined.
Possible options are:
To have a clear picture, the stomach must be empty. Therefore you must not eat or drink anything for a period of 6 hours before the test. You also have the obligation to inform your doctor if you are allergic to the exilina or any such reaction, and if you have made any endoscopy. Also, you will be asked to remove your dentures, for those who also own a dental appliance.
During the test
You will be placed on a bed and asked to sit on the left side. A nurse will always stand beside you during the examination. You will be anesthetized with a local-based spray xilina. To always keep your mouth open during the investigation will apply a piece of plastic between the teeth.
Thus, when the doctor will insert the endoscope you will not feel pain. During endoscopy will always be able to breathe normally.
All exploration may take up to 15 minutes, during which will be carefully explored the stomach, esophagus and part of the duodenum. During this time, air will be introduced in the stomach for a good view image. The air is sucked at the end of endoscopy, at which endoscopic tube is withdrawn.
After the test
After the test you will be left for a few moments to rest. Numbness of mouth will last for an hour. After passing the anesthetic effect, you can eat and drink normally. Also, you will feel a slight pain in the neck throughout the day, but will pass.
If the endoscopy was performed to examine the bladder they may notice drops of blood in the urine, but disappear in less than 24 hours. Otherwise, you should contact your doctor.
In most cases, the result is communicated to the end of the investigation. If you have taken a biopsy for examination, the result may take several days.
Signs of infection include:
- Irritation (redness);
Infections can be treated successfully with antibiotics. Perforation of organs and excessive bleeding may require surgery to repair damaged tissues. Antihistamines are the types of drugs used to relieve allergic reactions.