What Causes Oral Thrush In Adults?


A fungal organism called Candida albicans is what causes oral thrush in adults.  This problem is easy enough to develop as the Candida lives on our bodies in small numbers all the time, but when the opportunity arises, it will take advantage of any imbalances in the body in order to develop in numbers and rapidly form a thrush infection.   By understanding what causes the infection, you will be able to manage it more successfully and get rid of the problem with the minimum of fuss.

Symptoms of oral thrush

The symptoms of a thrush infection in the mouth can include:

  • Raised or lumpy areas
  • Patches of white, yellow or cream infection
  • Swelling along the membranes in the mouth
  • A burning sensation in the mouth or throat

The causes of oral thrush infections

The Candida albicans fungus is what causes oral thrush in adults.  When this happens, it is generally as a result of an imbalance in the body.  While you are healthy and your body is working in balance, the natural environment and balance between the immune system and the body’s ‘good bacteria’ keeps the level of Candida low.  It is when you suffer some form of stress, if you have been ill, after taking a course of antibiotics and if problems have put your body under pressure that you develop thrush.

In specific terms, what causes oral thrush in adults can include an imbalance as a result of smoking, having dentures that aren’t fitted correctly, taking oral contraceptive pills, having a viral or bacterial infection or having diabetes.  To best treat these problems, you should incorporate remedies that target the Candida fungus and also the underlying causes.  This will help to rid the infection now and limit the likelihood of occurrence in the future.

To get rid of oral thrush you could consider the following options:

Antifungal medication – Treatment with antifungal medication generally takes between 10 days and 2 weeks.  As well as oral medication such as a tablet, lozenges or liquid treatments may also be used and are particularly useful with oral thrush.

Good Oral Hygiene – Through understanding what causes oral thrush in adults, it is also understandable why this is an important step toward treating this problem.  Warm, moist areas are the perfect place for Candida to grow, but with good oral hygiene it is harder for oral thrush infection organisms to become a problem.

Quit smoking – Not only are you going to improve your whole body health and decrease future risk, you’ll find that you can reduce the stress that smoking places upon your body and therefore reduce the likelihood of such an imbalance contributing to a yeast infection.  Quitting smoking is one of the best steps you can take to limit the occurrence of yeast infection.

Knowing what causes oral thrush in adults will mean that you can both target the causes directly and improve the long term outlook by limiting your chances of future infection.  When you remove the major contributing factors, you not only give your body the best possible chance of fighting the infection, you remove the things that allowed it to develop in the first place.