Male feline urinary blockage is caused by two combined problems, one an issue for all cats, and the second a particular problem for male cats.
All cats are subject to the creation of crystals in their urine; crystals which can irritate the bladder and urethra, set up prime conditions for infections of the urinary tract, and which can cause blockages of the urethra in any cat. These blockages are little dams that form, closing off the urethra and preventing the cat from urinating. Sometimes the dam is only partial, sometimes it is complete. In either situation the cat’s health and even life may be at risk.
Male cats, however, are working at a greater disadvantage. Male feline urinary blockage is made worse by a particularly precarious anatomical feature of their urethras (leads from bladder to outside of body). The urethra of a male cat narrows as it passes over the pelvic bone, forming a pinched neck that can easily accumulate crystals, organic debris, blood clots, and any number of other bits that can form the dam. Because of this they are known for having male cat urinary problems of all sorts.
Owners and vets have to work together to reduce the likelihood of male feline urinary blockage. The primary approach is proactive — to adjust the food, water, and supplement intake of the cat to ensure easy and constant urination. Keeping liquids running through the system at a steady pace, encouraging the cat to urinate frequently, maintains a very dilute urine, which is less likely to grow large crystals, and which may prevent any crystal growth at all, reducing the threat of male cat urinary problems.
Natural dietary supplements are considered appropriate in this phase of treatment by many vets. In particular those with a diuretic effect, or those increasing the acidity of the urine are often helpful in preventing male feline urinary blockages.
A properly selected food, often a prescription food, can also reduce crystal formation. These foods are aimed at altering the chemical intake of the cat to ensure that the urine formed is less likely to form crystals, more likely to hold chemicals in solution, and more likely to set off urination.
The environment of the cat is also controlled: fresh, clean water is to be constantly available — remember, both diet and supplements are designed to encourage thirst and urination, so water must be on hand. Likewise cat litter boxes are to be cleaned with absolute regularity, to encourage the cat to use them as soon as there is any need: the longer a cat holds his urine the more chance of his having male cat urinary problems.
It is important that cats urinate everyday. If you believe that your cat has not urinated, call your veterinarian immediately to avoid the onset of serious illness. With luck all these approaches, taken together under the supervision of a good veterinarian, will help make sure your cat suffers no male feline urinary blockages. Be sure to confer with a veterinarian, follow instructions, and keep your cat healthy in the most natural and stress free possible way.