What causes heart attacks? Most this are caused by a blood clot that blocks a coronary artery, blood vessels that carry blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. When blood can not reach a part of his heart, which starves the oxygen zone. If the blockage continues long enough, cells in the affected area die.
Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of this condition. Coronary artery disease is the hardening and narrowing of the coronary arteries caused by the buildup of plaque inside the artery walls. Over time, plaque buildup can
* Strengthen the arteries so that less blood flows to the heart muscle,
* Lock completely arteries and blood flow, or
* Blood clots that cause the formation and block the arteries.
Attacks can also occur due to problems with very small, microscopic blood vessels of the heart. This condition is called micro vascular disease. Believed to be more common in women than in men.
A less common cause of this is a severe spasm or narrowing of the coronary artery that cuts off blood flow to the heart. These spasms can occur in people with or without coronary artery disease. Artery spasm can sometimes be caused by emotional stress, exposure to extreme cold, smoking, or taking certain drugs like cocaine.
There are certain factors make you more likely to develop coronary heart disease and have an attack. These risk factors include some things you can not change. If you are a man over 45 years of age or a woman over 55 years of age who are at greater risk. Family history of early heart disease, diagnosed in a parent or sibling before 55 or in a mother or sister before age 65 is another risk factor. You are also at risk if you have a personal history of angina or prior myocardial infarction, or have had heart surgery such as angioplasty or coronary bypass.
Importantly, there are many risk factors that can change. These include
* Overweight or obese
* Lack of physical activity
* High blood pressure
* Blood Cholesterol
Certain risk factors tend to occur together. When they do, is called the metabolic syndrome. In general, a person with metabolic syndrome are twice as likely to develop heart disease and five times more likely to develop diabetes as someone without metabolic syndrome. Those are the answer in the question what causes heart attacks.
You can help prevent this condition by knowing about your risk factors for coronary disease and heart attack and take steps to reduce their risks. You can reduce your risk of heart attack, even if you’ve had a heart attack or have been told that their chances of having an attack are high. To prevent a these attacks, you need to make lifestyle changes. You may also need to receive treatment for conditions that increase the risk.
You can make lifestyle changes to reduce your risk of experiencing the symptoms of heart attacks.
* Eat a healthy diet to prevent or reduce high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and maintain a healthy weight. Eat a diet low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables. Pay special attention to the amounts and types of fat in your diet. Reduce salt intake.
* If you smoke, quit.
* Exercise as directed by your doctor.
* If you are obese or overweight, lose weight gradually.
Getting treatment for related diseases can prevent what causes heart attacks become more likely.
* If you have high cholesterol, follow your doctor’s advice about lowering it. Take cholesterol-lowering medications as directed.
* If you have high blood pressure, follow your doctor’s advice to keep it under control. Take blood pressure medications regularly.
* If you have diabetes, sometimes called blood sugar, follow your doctor’s advice about maintaining levels of blood sugar under control. Take your medicines as directed.
Knowing what causes heart attacks is very important. It helps us to prevent them happening and to live a healthy life.