What Are Thyroid Disorders?

The thyroid is one of the largest and most important of the endocrine glands in the body. Part of the endocrine system, the thyroid is responsible for producing hormones which are necessary for the regulation of metabolism and growth, and other bodily functions. The thyroid gland is found in the neck. If it malfunctions, aside from medical treatments, are there alternative treatments for thyroid disorders?

Not all people understand how important the thyroid is in the body. People have no idea how serious the effects of a thyroid disorder can be. Here are some basic facts that everyone should know about the thyroid:

o The thyroid has control functions
The thyroid produces the hormones necessary for control of many functions in the body. Known as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), these hormones regulate the rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of function of many other systems in the body.

o The thyroid can malfunction in two ways
There are two known ways in which the thyroid malfunctions: over activity and under activity. With respect to the first one, there is an excess in production of the hormones. The condition is called hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Since the hormones produced by the thyroid affects every part of the body, over production of the hormones will affect many parts. It can cause palpitations and anxiety attacks.

Inversely, the lack or minimal production of thyroxine is called hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). The low production of the hormones causes muscle hypotonia, depression, cramps, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Goitre.

o There are natural remedies available
The good news is that there is a natural cure for thyroid disorders. Avoiding foods that contain substances that affect the function of the thyroid are among these remedies. There are foods that contain anti-thyroid substances and can affect the way it functions later on in life.

Herbal therapy is also another option. Irish moss, walnut and ginseng are just a few of nature's natural healing agents to help with the disorder.