The term used in the field of medicine for tennis elbow is lateral epicondylitis. This condition involves the inflammation of the tendons which connects the muscles of the forearm to a bone on the outer layer of the elbow known as the lateral epicondyle.
In layman’s term, it is called sore elbow, elbow tendonitis, hooter’s elbow, archer’s elbow or the most common term, tennis elbow.
Causes of tennis elbow
This injury occurs when there is too repetitive movement of the forearm or wrist. The injury particularly have something to do with the sport tennis. For this reason, it is named “tennis elbow”. However, this condition involves any physical activity that is involves the repeated twisting of the wrist or forearm. Thus, it can happen to anyone.
This condition is most noticeable when doing three activities:
Fishing – from the casting the fishing rod
Baseball – the whip of the arm when throwing the ball, and even a little while swinging the bat
Volleyball – during the overhand serve and spike of the ball
Signs and symptoms of tennis elbow
• Gradually worsening pain that is located from one to two centimeters from the bony area of the elbow.
• Pain is worse when shaking, grasping and twisting hands. Thus, it might be difficult doing simple tasks because of the weak wrist such as opening a door handle or shaking hands with someone.
• Weak wrist effecting to having weak grasp.
• Pain on the outside of the elbow when attempting to straighten the fingers with resistance.
• Pain on the outside of the elbow when the hand is extended (or bent back) at the wrist against assistance.
• Pain when pressing the lateral epicondyle, which is just below the elbow.
• Tenderness of the lateral epicondyle.
• Moving the wrist with force may also worsen the pain. Such activities include using tools, handling simple utensils like knife, fork or toothbrush, opening jars and lifting.