What Are Multiple Ovarian Complex Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are a common phenomenon in the menstrual cycle of the body, but many a times complications may arise. Of the many complications one is multiple ovarian cysts. Read more about this condition here.

The primary reproductive female reproductive system is the ovary. Regular working of other components of the reproductive mechanism as well as maintenance of regular menstrual cycles depends almost entirely on the smooth functioning of the egg-producing female reproductive organ, i.e., the ovary.

Ovarian cysts (i.e, cysts that grow and develop on the ovary) are some of the most crucial problems that can adversely affect the functioning of this organ. Ovarian cysts generally assume the form of a fluid-filled sac, and are present on the ovary surface. During the years of fertility, plenty of women run the risk of developing an ovarian cyst. These cysts are varied in nature, with unique causes for each type, and often do not have significant symptoms. Other ovarian cysts can, however, be extremely harmful.

Women have ovaries on either side of the uterus. The two ovaries (shaped like walnuts) are located under the fringed ends of the fallopian or uterine tubes. A released egg reaches the center of the uterus via these tubes. One of the ovaries matures and develops an egg during the menstrual cycle, which is then encased in a sac (called the follicle). The ovary releases the egg on approximately the 14th day of the menstrual cycle, and ovulation occurs.

Although most ovarian cysts are found to be benign, there is always the threat of a cyst being cancerous (malignant) – a cause of considerable anxiety to affected women. Ovarian cysts disrupt the regularity of menstrual cycles, often resulting in late or missed periods. The harmless, benign cysts are termed “functional” or “physiologic” cysts. As per research findings, a potentially serious metabolic dysfunction, known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affect 4%-10% women of childbearing age. Various hormonal disorders, resulting in persistent acne, excessive body hair, thinning scalp hair, infertility, obesity, and increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and uterine or breast cancer are also caused by PCOS.

Multiple ovarian complex cysts can also occur as an upshot of PCOS. Excessive gonadotropin stimulation or sensitivity causes multiple functional cysts. HCG often causes a condition called hyperreactio luteinalis, especially in gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma) and rarely in multiple and diabetic pregnancy. Ovulation induction with gonadotropins (FSH and luteinizing hormone [LH]), and rarely clomiphene citrate, may lead to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, especially if accompanied by hCG administration, in patients who are being treated for infertility.

Multiple functional and complex ovarian cysts most commonly affect women of childbearing age, though they can occur at any other age too. With a span from adolescence to senescence, the age range for the occurrence of ovarian cysts is pretty wide indeed. Germ cell tumors rarely occur after a woman crosses 30, and is mostly seen in adolescent ladies. Tumors of low malignant potential occur at a mean age of 44 years, with the average age more than a decade less than that for invasive cystadenocarcinoma.

Polycystic ovaries and polycystic ovary syndrome can be traced back to quite a few root causes. Some of the causes of multiple ovarian cysts are:

* Predisposition of a genetic nature,
* High levels of insulin in blood, insulin resistance (i.e., hyperinsulinism),
* Obese body structure,
* Excessive production of male hormones (Hyperandrogenism),
* Improper functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (often due to hormonal disorder),
* Hormonal disruptors, like environmental chemical polluters,
* Excitatory amino acids, and related or separate types of food adulterantion,
* Inflammations of a chronic nature.

These factors, working together, often result in the growth of multiple complex ovarian cysts.

The most common hormonal disorder occurring in women during their reproductive years is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Multiple ovarian cysts are a part of this syndrome. While studies show 4%-10% of the women of childbearing age has this syndrome, the actual number probably exceeds this range. This because, many women don’t know they have polycystic ovarian syndrome or some other crucial aspect of it. This syndrome, apart from causing complex multiple ovarian cysts, can also lead to infertility. The PCOS syndrome, with its associated problems can start to show up soon after a woman crosses puberty.

Holistic remedies work best for multiple ovarian complex cysts. The fact is, conventional remedies just treat the symptoms of the disease without really trying to find out the real causes. And this is why the cyst comes back even after it has been treated. Holistic remedies on the other hand delve deeper into the problem and identifies the real causes of the problem and then treats the disease.