The central government of India has launched various initiatives to inculcate the entrepreneurship skills in differently -abled people. These public schemes include Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme, skill training at national institutions, Scheme for Implementation of Persons with Disabilities and Vocational Rehabilitation Center for Handicapped. In this regard, a national action plan has been launched to ensure the proper implementation of these abovementioned initiatives.
Developing Employable Skills in the Population
Today, the government faces the main challenges of developing employable skills in people with physical and mental limitations and to ensure gainful employment for them. According to 2011 census, there are about 2.68 Crore of differently -abled in India which job requirements are not met. One of the major reasons is that 68 percent of the Indian population inhabits the rural areas while their conditions are aggravated from poverty considerations and inaccessible health services.
Connecting Them to Markets and Skills
The number of persons with disabilities living in these areas, are actually disconnected from markets and skills. A financial safety net is ensured for them through voluntary training for people with disabilities and it offers them a reason to rejoice for their economic independence. Better employment opportunities can be thought through voluntary training to ensure quality life for the differently -abled people. It also brings fundamental gains to the economy in a broader context.
Work Upon Where the Huge Gap Lies
Now, the question arises about the place where the huge gap lies. There is a need to upgrade the infrastructure of skill training in order to bridge the gap between demand and supply. Much of the training also lacks quality leading to less employability. There is a great need felt towards the private sector to increase its involvement in the voluntary training of individuals with disabilities. Many times, it has been felt that the skill training delivered by different ministries is either overlapping or fragmented.
Ensuring Quality Vocational Training
Therefore, only quality training training can lead to high employability while adopting a homogenous curriculum and methodology of training. Furthermore, there is a need to have latest technology in content generation as well as training and its monitoring. Also needed is the growing synergy between NGOs and the private sector to participate together in the skill development and placement process of people with different abilities.
Solving the Big Problem
The targeted and optimum utilization of the CSR funds may resolve many of the problems. The key holders like state governments, public sector undertakings, NGOs, the private sector and all Central government ministries may be of great help in such endeavors. This is because it is a known fact that only a collective effort can help us in winning over the existing situation.