Thanks to the debt of budget airlines and intense price wars between major airlines, most of us can afford to explore what other countries have to offer. While we plan our vacations meticulously, travel vaccinations are often put last in the list.
Types of Shots
In general, vaccinations can be categorized under two categories – routine and travel. Hepatitis B, BCG (against tuberculosis), rubella and tetanus are some of the familiar compulsory routine vaccinations. However, different travel vaccine is given depending on the region you're visiting. For example, you're at risk of contracting a number of infections and communicable diseases in a developing country. You can get Hepatitis A and typhoid by consuming raw or contaminated food due to unhygienic preparation. One week before you fly off, get the two-in-one Hepatitis A and typhoid shot. If you're traveling to the Asia region, get Hepatitis B and Japanese encephalitis jobs and take prophylactic medication for malaria. If you're making travel plans to North America during winter time, you may want to consider a flu job, which will help prevent influenza, a virus that infects your respiratory system. Obtain a flu shot 10 to 15 days before departure. Certain vaccinations are required of travelers. For instance, international health regulations require travelers to have yellow fever vaccines when going to certain countries in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. Those traveling to African countries should get protection against malaria. These diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. The government of Saudi Arabia requires Muslims traveling to Mecca for their Hajj pilgrimage to have a meningococcal meningitis vaccination. Basic immunization would suffice if you're visiting Scandinavian and Western European countries, but Hepatitis A and B jabs for visits to Eastern Europe are recommended.
While vaccination can help reduce your chances of contracting a particular disease, it does not offer you full protection. Here, you still need to take precautions and avoid suspicious-looking food and drinks, especially when you're traveling in developing countries. Note that there are cases where vaccinations will not work for an individual. For instance, pregnant ladies are not suitable for other vaccinations except tetanus or if you're allergic to eggs, measles vaccines will not work.
Aside from swelling and pain at the sight of the injection, vaccines do not have side effects if they're administratively administered. If you're planning on a vacation, do not forget to consult with your health care provider and get travel vaccinations. Prevention is always better than cure.