Understanding Gastric Ulcer

Increasingly larger numbers of people are diagnosed with digestive disorders these days, most of them requiring hospitalization and careful monitoring.  Ulcer  is a very common digestive disorder, involving inflammation or tare at certain levels of the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric  ulcer  involves a breach in the tissue that surrounds the stomach, while duodenal  ulcer  involves a breach in the tissue that surrounds the duodenum.  Ulcer  may also occur at the level of the esophagus or other organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Gastric  ulcer  occurs due to excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsin, which eventually damage the protective tissue that surrounds the stomach. The presence of bacteria called Helicobacter pylori also contributes to developing gastric  ulcer . Furthermore, the  ulcer  is aggravated by the misuse of certain anti-inflammatory medicines, such as aspirin or ibuprofen. In the past, it was thought that emotional distress was also a cause of gastric  ulcer . However, this theory has been contradicted by recent medical research results. On the other hand, physical stress and insufficiencies can facilitate the development of gastric  ulcer  (people that experience medical surgeries are more susceptible to acquiring forms of gastric  ulcers  than normal people).

Statistics indicate that people with ages over 55 are more exposed to developing forms of gastric  ulcer . Also, smoking persons are more affected by gastric  ulcer  than non-smoking persons. Smoking seriously affects  ulcer , slowing the natural healing process and decreasing the potency of medication. Also, the abuse of alcohol and caffeine seriously aggravate  ulcer . It is important to keep away from such beverages and focus instead on establishing and keeping a healthy diet that may relief the symptoms of gastric  ulcer  and may also increase the efficiency of the medical treatment prescribed. The diet should contain healthy foods that aren’t likely to increase gastric acidity. Physicians recommend eating several moderate meals a day and respecting an eating schedule.

Most gastric  ulcer  symptoms are abdominal pain and sourness, the aggravation of abdominal distress on the empty stomach, amelioration of pain when eating, indigestion, nausea, vomiting and presence of blood in the vomit, presence of blood in feces, black stools, fatigue, poor appetite and weight loss.

If undiscovered or mistreated, gastric  ulcer  can lead to complications like bleeding  ulcer  or perforate  ulcer . These two forms of  ulcer  are considered to be very dangerous and even life-threatening. Endoscopic therapy can keep bleeding  ulcer  under control and sometimes it proves to be a good alternative to surgery. In case people don’t present considerable amelioration of the disorder through the means of endoscopic therapy and oral treatment, surgery might be the only option left for attempting to correct the  ulcer .