Understanding Diabetes


Insulin is a hormone in our body produced by the pancreas that transfers glucose from blood to the cells. When cells do not respond to insulin or the pancreas do not produce enough insulin, the condition is called diabetes. During digestion, food is converted to glucose or sugar, which in turn is converted into energy. This is transported through blood to the cells for growth and energy. It is insulin that allows the body to use the glucose. Due to diabetes, glucose is not used and excreted from the body as urine. The Body is left with no source of growth or energy and extremely it affects your health adversely.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common and its symptoms include fatigue, thirst and appetite, weight loss or gain, dry mouth, nausea, blurred vision, yeast infections, itchy skin in the groin area and slow healing of cuts or abrasions. If you have any of these symptoms, you must visit a doctor; and he would send you for a glucose fasting test. This test needs to be done on an empty stomach and your blood is drawn to test for glucose levels. If the results of the test indicate increased glucose levels, you will be starting on a diabetes treatment plan.

Diabetes if left unchecked can lead to a number of complications. Heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and nerve disease are some of the issues with diabetes patients. It could lead to loss of vision, kidney disease, limb amputation and gum diseases leading to loss of teeth.

If detected early, you can control diabetes and avoid medication. You must however, change your diet habits and increase the amount of exercising. You must keep a check on your health with regular check-up from a doctor as well as self-assessment of glucose levels. You must also regularly get eye check-up and take dental care.