Types of Stomach Problems

There are just too many types of stomach ailments to list. There are some, however, which occur more often than others. Here we discuss briefly some of the more common ailments.

Indigestion.

Simply put, indigestion is associated with a meal that is eaten too quickly of after an unusually spicy of fatty meal. Indigestion normally causes some pain in the center of the chest. This is usually accompanied by a slight bloated feeling, excessive wind and nausea. Occasionally, an indigestion sufferer will actually vomit. Very few people who have indigestion will be interested in food as the pain tends to be accompanied by a full feeling and a loss of appetite.

Indigestion can be caused by smoking and drinking too much alcohol. It is also known to be caused by too much tea or coffee. However, although these specific causes are significant, many individuals who suffer from indigestion do so directly as a result of stress.

Heartburn.

An acid mixture helps to digest food within the stomach and is kept away from the oesophagus by a sphincter. This allows food to travel down into the stomach but does not allow food and acid to travel back upwards into the gullet. If the sphincter, which usually divides the oesophagus from the stomach in this way, does not do its job properly, acid can sometimes splash upwards and irritate the oesophageal mucosa. The word "heartburn" is very descriptive, even when the sphincter is in good working condition, acid can irritate the oesophagus when you lie down or bend over. Naturally, individuals who have a weak sphincter, will find that they suffer far more when they are lying flat or bending over than they do when they are standing up straight. Despite the fact that heartburn can have a physical cause, many individuals who suffer from this symptoms also have it as a result of stress.

Gastritis.

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach that can be caused by several factors, alcohol, by the consumption of a foodstuff to which you are allergic, by a virus infection or by any one of a number of other mechanism which are not yet properly understood. There are some specific changes in the stomach mucosa when gastritis is present, but in practice, it is virtually impossible to differentiate clinically between dyspepsia, gastritis and peptic ulcers without undergoing specific investigation such as a barium meal examination or an endoscopy.

Peptic and gastric ulcer.

A peptic ulcer is simply any ulcer in the upper part of the intestinal tract. Th word "peptic" is used as a synonym for digestion. A gastric ulcer, however, is one that is found in the stomach, while a duodenal ulcer is one that is found in the duodenum. Ulcer of all kinds result from an imbalanced between the power of the secretions produced by the stomach and the resistance of the lining of the part of the intestine concerned.

Duodenal ulcer.

The most important symptom of a duodenal ulcer is usually pain, and this is often the only symptom that occurs. The pain is usually localized in the epigastrium, and, unlike gastric ulcers, eating usually helps relieve the pain. People who have duodenal ulcer will often wake up at night and sneak downstairs to get a glass of milk and a biscuit to give them some comfort for the pain. The other characteristic factor of the pain that people get with duodenal ulceration is that it tends to disappear for weeks or even months at a time for no apparent reasons. However, just when you think your problems is over, it'll come right back.

Nausea.

This is by no means a symptom caused extensively by the consumption of food stuff which upset the system. Nausea and vomiting can also be as sign of stress and distress. Nausea and vomiting are usually symptoms of acute stress rather that chronic, long lasting anxiety.

Wind.

The normal gastrointestinal tract is said to contain between 100 and 200 milliliters of gas under normal circumstances. A normal individual will often produce one to two liters of gas per day. It is, therefore, quite obvious that there must be a tendency for wind to pass out of the gastrointestinal tract at one end or the other.

Wind is produced within the gastrointestinal tract as food is digested, and some foods are more likely than others to result in the production of large quantities of wind. Brussel sprouts, cabbage and beans are often recognized as offending vegetables as they are known to have a fairly bad reputation in this aspect. However, vegetables can not be solely blamed. Some of the wind that causes such embarrassing noises gets into the intestinal tract in the same way that food gets in, it is swallowed. People who chew gum, smoke cigarettes or eat too quickly will often swallow air.