Types of psoriasis are many, and nearly six million people suffer from this disease in the USA today. It is a chronic disease of the skin and typical characteristics are red, dry, patches of skin and inflammation. It is not contagious and can be inherited
Scalp psoriasis manifests as dry flaky skin, or areas heavily crusted with plaque, that peels off in lumps. Treatment is normally medicated shampoo, salicylic acid and coal tar are normally the active ingredients in the curative shampoo. Topical or systemic medications may also be used as treatment.
This is the most common form, and it affects ninety per cent of sufferers. The skin is covered in silvery scale over redness. These are found on the elbows, knees, scalp or trunk most commonly, but can be found anywhere on some people. These circular or oval patches or plaques often itch and burn. This does not go away.
Pustular psoriasis is a rarer type of psoriasis and it manifests as defined, raised pustules on the skin. The skin beneath and surrounding these pustules is red, and pustular psoriasis can cover large areas of the patient’s skin. The skin changes you may notice before, during, or after an episode of pustular psoriasis may be similar to those of regular psoriasis . People with the the usual skin symptoms have patches of raised skin with scales. This form has a number of classifications according to severity:
- Acute – sudden and severe
- Chronic – long-term
- Subacute – somewhere in between the two classifications above
- Zumbusch type – acute symptoms, accompanied by fever and a toxic reaction within tissue
- Juvenile/infantile – rarer
- Palmoplantar – Pustules are located on the palms and soles of the feet
Pustular psoriasis is not common, whereas psoriasis in general affects men and women and is found in all races. Juvenile or infantile psoriasis affects male children more than female. The average age is 50, but this statistic really means nothing. There are many other types of psoriasis , but we would add that there is no such thing as psoriasis of the liver, that is a misnomer for cirrhosis.
Psoriasis is strictly a disease of the skin. If you need more information about psoriasis treatment options, please follow this link.