Types of Medicine – History and Cure

Very few people tend to understand that medicine can be used not only for treating diseases, but also for maintaining health. It should be understood that any common disease (cold, fever, headache, colic and gastric trouble etc) that comes to the human body is a symptom of problems or has occurred due to their negligence. It should be noted that each type of medicine and therapy has its own tradition and restrictions. Following are the types of medicine used regularly:

Chinese medicine:

This is an ancient system of medicine and has gained popularity over the world. The treatment given has been designed to balance the body’s chee, the main source of body flow which is an essential factor for health. When combined with a popular form of exercise known as Tai-chi and by fusion of the mind and body, the energy is directed towards the best direction for promoting good health.

Acupuncture: Used as a byproduct of Chinese medicine to provide instant relaxation and is said to cure diseases like infertility and migraine. Dated back to 2 century B.C. this therapy believes in the regular flow of energy in the body. Needles of stainless steel are used. Acupressure: Acupuncture, also derived from Chinese medicine uses needles while as acupressure uses fingers to imply pressure on key points to stimulate body resistance power and relief from pain. It is believed to have originated in Asia before 5000 years.

Massage Therapy:

In this therapy, touch is used to help relax or heal a human body. These are used mostly for muscles aches or those who have irregular circulation of blood.

Chiropractic Medicine:

This therapy believes the spine should be healthy and, a chiropractor after a session with the patient will suggest certain postures to make adjustments with the spine.

Osteopathic Therapy:

This believes in the body as a single part, and the problems faced by one part of the body may also involve others.

Unani Medicine:

Believed to have originated in parts of South Asia, it is a traditional medicine based mainly on the thesis and teachings of the Greek scholar and physician Hippocrates. It is said that the unani medicine became prominent after it was adapted by Persian and Arab practitioners as their own form of medicine. This became famous in India, China and the surrounding areas during the reign of the Delhi Sultanate.

Ayurveda:

Popularly known as the Indian ancient system of medicine and practiced in many parts of the world as an alternative to other types. This traditional medicine based system is based on the concept that the human body is made up of five elements – earth, fire, water, sky and air. Any disturbances in the five components will influence the body to have health problems. It strongly believes that any health problem is a symptom of the body not being healthy. Surgery and surgical instruments have been used in this system since the ancient times.

Allopathy:

One of the most popular medicine in recent times, it gives quick relief from pain and other diseases though this theory has been disputed by homeopaths like Samuel Hahnemann. The supporters of this therapy believe that instead of solving the real problem, allopathists provide only temporary relief which might give rise to side effects. However, this medicine is the best type to be used in times of operation, joining of bones or implants.

Hydro-therapy:

The use of water in medicine has been found in records dating back to ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations. Water consumed in large quantities cause cleaning of the stomach by frequent bowel movements, release of all toxins and cleansing of the body. This traditional medicine based treatment has been found highly effective in treatment of cough, dehydration and headache.

Laughter therapy:

Laughter therapy has been found useful in recent times for diseases related to stress, depression, anxiety. One of the important factors of success of this therapy is the non-use of any kind of medicine and the ability to generate resistance power and stability within the body itself. Psychologists and doctors usually prescribe laughter therapy to patients suffering from depression and high blood pressure.

There are also other types of medicine which are popular in the regional areas but most of them have been found to be derived from one or the other set of the above medicines. I have listed only some of the therapies used world-wide.