There is a variety and array of heart diseases which are destroying the functioning of heart. The two basic types of cardiac diseases are coronary heart diseases and pulmonary heart diseases. Coronary heart diseases or atherosclerotic, is caused due the accumulation of athermanous plaques in the walls of coronary arteries. Pulmonary heart diseases occur due the disorder in lungs. This occurred when the right side of the heart has to push harder in order to distribute air, the cardiac muscles swell and congestive heart failure can occur.
The other most common types of cardiac diseases include High Blood Pressure, Heart Stroke, Heart Attack, Ischemic Diseases, cardiac Rhythm Disorders, Tachycardia, Cardiomyopathy, cardiac murmurs, Rheumatic Disease, Hypertensive Disease. Mycocardial Infection which is most commonly known as Heart Attack occurs when sufficient oxygen is not provided to the heart in order to function appropriately. Ischemic Disease is caused due to the reduced flow of blood to the arteries. Rhythm Disorders are caused when there is change in the sound of heart beat. However mostly man cannot identify it unless properly diagnosed by doctor’s stethoscope.
Most of the cardiac diseases are caused by either by reduction in flow of blood and due to the lack of oxygen in the body. However the rapid increase and decrease in the heart beat is also serious symptom leading to heart diseases. Tachycardia is one such disease which occurs due to the fast beating of heart unnecessarily. Another dangerous threat to the heart is rheumatic fever; this fever is caused when a specific bacterial infection known as streptococcal bacterial infection is left untreated.
This fever leads to inflammatory cardiac disorder and is termed to as Rheumatic Heart Diseases. This disease can also affect brain and joints. Cardiomyopathy, this is a serious threat to heart muscles and is a major cause of cardio death. This disease can also be caused due to the unnecessary use of the Alcohol. Men and women are both prone to major Types of heart risks however the only difference is that men are affected by Cardiomyopathy more whereas women suffer Hypertension and High Blood Pressure more.