A fibroid is a tumor or an abnormal growth that is benign. It is not associated with cancer, and they almost never develop into cancer. These fibroids can grow on the uterus and or the ovaries. One half of all women will have a fibroid, however, most probably will not know it. That's because most of them never cause any problems or symptoms. Occidentally a doctor may stumble upon one incidentally when doing a routine pelvic exam.
The 5 different types of fibroids are classified depending on their location. They are:
Intracavity myomas are inside the cavity of the uterus. These may cause bleeding between periods, and painful cramping. If these fibroids are bothersome, they can be removed by a process called hysteroscopic resection. In this process, the doctor can go in through the cervix without even needing to make an incision.
Submucous myomas have partially grown into the cavity, and partly grown into the uteran wall. These types of fibroids can also cause pain and bleeding between menstruation. Some of these can be removed using hysteroscopic resection.
Intramural myomas have grown in the wall of the uterus. These fibroids can be anywhere from the size of a pea to the size of a grapefruit! Most of the time, these fibroids do not need to have any type of treatment. It is only when they grow quite large that they may be bothersome. Most of the time, women will not even know these are here.
Subserous myomas are on the outside of the uteran wall.
Pedunculated myomas – Occasional a fibroid will be found that is attached to the uterus by a sort of stem or stalk. This is a pedunculated myoma, and is the easiest fibroid to remove by laparoscopy.
Hysteroscopic resection is a process in which a doctor uses a tool that inserts into the cervix. This tool is attached to a camera that allows the doctor to see any type of fibroids. On this tool also is a feature that can produce high levels of electrical current to kill the tissue of the fibroid.
Hormone treatments may also be used to shrink the fibroids, if they are bothersome.
If the fibroids are really affecting you, and causing a lot of bleeding and pain, you can consider a hysterectomy. Doctors consider this a last resort treatment, and will not normally recommend it without it is necessary.
Speak with your doctor, and make sure he is aware of all the symptoms you may be having. He can use this information, along with exams to determine what type of treatment is right for you!