Types of Exfoliation – Its Needs and Benefits

Exfoliation is the name given to the process of removal of dead cells and surfacing of new layer of cells. It is an integral part of skin care and if applied correctly, will lead to young, glowing skin.

Need for exfoliation:

Our skin has inbuilt process of removing dead cells which are replaced by new cells. But with age this process slows down and the skin becomes dull and problematic. To regain the same shine and youthful appearance, exfoliation is a mandatory regime. If it is done on regular basis, it will improve the skin renewal process and minimize the bad effects of sun rays, dirt and dead cells on the skin.

Benefits of exfoliation:

The exfoliation process removes the grime and old dead cells from the skin. It helps in removing and preventing blackheads and whiteheads. The process declines the aging process and counters the ill effects of external factors. In the process, the blocked pores of the skin are opened allowing them to breathe.

A new layer of skin then appears which is refreshing, healthier and radiant.

Types of Exfoliation:

There can be three types of exfoliation:

Manual Exfoliation

Chemical Exfoliation

Enzyme Exfoliation

Manual Exfoliation:

It is a manual method of cleaning and scrubbing the skin. For facial, a gentle washcloth is the right thing or over the counter exfoliating scrub kit which is soft on the skin. Choose the scrub which has finer grains so that skin is not irritated or damaged.

The facial scrub can be made at home which will reveal the same effect. Oatmeal is a good substitute to exfoliate.

Those who prefer modern tools over home made tools may buy electric face brush or exfoliating gloves or exfoliating pouches which contain face cleanser.

Exfoliation of face should be done not more than twice a week. The manual exfoliation tools are suitable for normal skin. An acne prone skin may get worse if these tools are used. Also, manual tools are not suitable for sensitive skin. It is better to take a patch test before using.

Chemical Exfoliation:

The chemical skin exfoliation is suitable for acne prone skin. It can also cure the sun damaged skin. The norma-skin types need not rely on chemical exfoliation. However, the dry-skin will benefit from this type of exfoliation.

The chemical exfoliation uses acidic chemicals such as alpha hydroxyl acids (AHA) and beta hydroxyl acids (BHA) to treat the sun damaged skin, dry skin and acne skin. The acids removes the useless dead cells and leaves the skin cleaner and healthier.

These acids may be aggressive at times. Therefore the normal skin types and sensitive-skin types should give it a miss. Exfoliation, specially the chemical ones should be conducted by a dermatologist or esthetician.

Enzyme Exfoliation:

The sensitive skin types can also reap the benefits of exfoliation. The enzyme exfoliation is the right choice for such skin. Like chemical exfoliation, it does not involve scrubbing as this will worsen the skin. Here, proteolytic enzymes which are found in pineapples and papayas are utilized to break up the dead cells and impurities. The result is younger looking radiant complexion of skin.

Daily exfoliation is recommended for other body parts, the frequency of face exfoliation depends on the skin type. The dry skin must exfoliate not more than thrice a week. The normal skin and combination-skin needs exfoliation twice a week. However, the oily skin should exfoliate only once a week.

The home recipes of exfoliation like use of wet oatmeal on the skin are safe bet. But people with sensitive-skin should conduct a patch test to check out the suitability.