Types of Diabetes

Before we start discussion about type of  diabetes  we must know what exactly is  diabetes ?

 Diabetes  is a disorder of metabolism–the digestion system of our body for growth and energy. Almost every food we eat broken down to glucose, the form or sugar which is the fuel for our body.

After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.

When we eat, the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into our cells. For the people having  diabetes  this is the place of disorder, there pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced.

Types of  diabetes : The three main types of  diabetes  are

Type 1  diabetes 

Type 2  diabetes 

Gestational  diabetes 

Type 1  Diabetes  (previously known as insulin-dependent  diabetes )

Type 1  diabetes  is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when the body’s system for fighting infection stops in a part of body. In  diabetes , the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. A person who has type 1  diabetes  must take insulin daily to live.

Type 2  Diabetes  (previously known as non-insulin dependent  diabetes )

The most common form of  diabetes  is type 2  diabetes . Nearly 90 to 95 percent of people with  diabetes  have type 2. This form of  diabetes  is strongly genetic. About 80 percent of people with type 2  diabetes  are overweight.

Type 2  diabetes  is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents. However, type 2  diabetes  in youth are not in common.

When type 2  diabetes  is diagnosed, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin, but for unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. After several years, insulin production decreases. The result is the same as for type 1  diabetes –glucose builds up in the blood and the body cannot make efficient use of its main source of fuel.

Gestational  Diabetes : (Gdm)

Gestational  diabetes  develops only during pregnancy. Like type 2  diabetes , it occurs more often in African Americans, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, and among women with a family history of  diabetes . Women who have had gestational  diabetes  have a 20 to 50 percent chance of developing type 2  diabetes  within 5 to 10 years.