Researchers at the American Heart Association compared one hundred and forty-eight tobacco smokers…
- 36 with Type 2 diabetes, and
- 112 without.
Breakdown products of nicotine were measured in the urine of all the participants. The scientists found the participants with Type 2 diabetes broke nicotine down faster than the non-diabetic participants. From these results, they concluded people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are likely to smoke for more extended periods than non-diabetics. Smoking for more extended periods would put the Type 2 diabetics at a higher risk for addiction and increase the number of cigarettes smoked in their lifetime. This would be expected to increase the risk of complications from nicotine addiction and smoking.
Smoking affects every organ in the body, causing a wide variety and quantity of illness. Worldwide tobacco smoking is the most significant cause of preventable death. Smoking causes almost six million deaths each year, and it is estimated smoking will be responsible for more than eight million deaths each year by 2030.
In the United States, smoking causes one in five deaths each year, or 480,000 deaths. It causes…
- emphysema and bronchitis, two forms of chronic obstructive pulmonary (lung) disease, as well as either
- creating asthma attacks or making them worse.
- lung cancer is usually caused by smoking, although the condition is not the most common consequence of smoking.
- myocardial infarction, or heart attack, is more common.
Myocardial infarction takes place when the coronary blood vessels, the arteries feeding blood to the heart muscle, become blocked and the heart is unable to get sufficient oxygen. Lack of oxygen causes infarction or loss of heart muscle.
Other diseases associated with smoking include…
- Type 2 diabetes (risk of development 30 to 40 times higher in smokers),
- Berger’s disease, or loss of arms or legs,
- rheumatoid arthritis,
- bone calcium loss,
- damage to the retina (the back of the eye), causing loss of vision, and
Cancer of the…
- urinary bladder,
- cervix (lowest part of the uterus),
- colon and rectum (also high in diabetes),
- esophagus (tube between the mouth and the stomach),
- kidney and tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder,
- larynx (throat),
- pancreas, and
Birth defects include…
- preterm (early) delivery,
- stillbirth (death of the baby before birth),
- low birth weight
- sudden infant death syndrome (known as SIDS or crib death)
- pregnancy outside of the uterus, and
- mouth and facial clefts (divisions) in infants.
If you have Type 2 diabetes and kidney disease, smoking puts you on a faster track for complications such as stroke and heart attack.