Type 2 Diabetes – Is Diabetes Connected to Bone Fractures in Men?

According to the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, published in November 2017, fractures are a danger to older men with Type 2 diabetes. Scientists at Duke University and several other research centers in the United States, found older men with Type 2 diabetes have a 22 percent increased risk of any fracture and a 21 percent higher risk of having a hip fracture.

It has been known for some years older women with or without Type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of hip fracture, but knowledge of this type of fracture in men with Type 2 diabetes has not been clear.

A total of over 2 million United States veterans were included in a study, and over 900 thousand had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. It was found a total of 45.5 percent of the fractures were associated with…

  • peripheral neuropathy (limb numbness or tingling),
  • heart and blood vessel disease, or
  • congestive heart failure.

From the above results, the researchers concluded men from 65 to 99 years of age with Type 2 diabetes are at risk for bone fractures, and much of this threat is related to different complications associated with this form of diabetes. They suggest this finding could inspire further research, with the hope of finding treatments to prevent fractures.

The rates of hip fractures are often higher in more affluent countries…

  • in Sweden, the number of fractures per 100,000 individuals is 302 for men and 709 for women.
  • in Kuwait, the numbers are 216.6 per 100,000 men and 316 per 100,000.
  • in Beijing, China, the numbers are 87 per 100,000 men and 97 per 100,000 women.

Hip fractures, even after healing, can cause difficulties in walking and carrying out basic activities of life. One woman in her 80’s said she felt she became old the day she suffered the hip fracture. Various studies…

  • list the risk of death the first year after a hip fracture as 14 to 58 percent.
  • during the first three months after having a hip fracture women are five times as likely to die than they were before the fracture.
  • men have almost an 8 times higher risk.

Controlling Type 2 diabetes by stabilizing blood sugar levels, eating a healthful diet, and getting enough physical activity are possible ways of lowering the risk of hip fracture…

  • eating plenty of vegetables such as broccoli is a way of taking in calcium to build bones. Broccoli lacks the protein of dairy products, so absorption of calcium is more efficient.
  • weight-bearing exercise, such as walking and dancing, are good exercises to help build up the bones of the legs.