We all are familiar with the diabetes that seems to affect a lot of individuals all over the world. But we are for sure not familiar of its history and origin.
By far, diabetes has been one of the most devastating diseases known to the human race, and it has been recognized and well known for over two thousand years, but there is no history of type 2 diabetes, or any other differentiation between different types of diabetes, until the twentieth century came. It was not until 1935 that diabetes disease was discovered that there were multiple types of diabetes, and it could be said that this is where the history of type 2 diabetes truly began.
Roger Hinsworth made a very remarkable discovery in1935 that there were, in fact, two different types of diabetes. Those which were sensitive to insulin is called the (Type 1), and those that were not (Type 2). This breakthrough was finally made possible by the relatively recent discovery of insulin in 1921, and presumably came about when doctors noticed that insulin injections were having less of an effect on some patients with diabetes disease. In the 1950’s, a new medication was developed that is considered to be the beginnings of the history of type 2 diabetes treatments. Before now, there was no history of type 2 diabetes treatment whatsoever, so those with type 2 had to make due with simply using more insulin in hopes that their cells would absorb enough.
From then on, type 2 diabetes history pretty much ran alongside that of type 1. Urine strips were introduced in the 1960s, thus making it easier than any other time in the history of type 2 diabetes to detect the amount of insulin in the human body. This made it far simpler for people to manage and control their diabetes. In 1961, one time use syringes were introduced to the market, eliminating and getting rid of the need for the thick, durable early syringes that were had to be boiled to be cleaned, sharpened on a regular basis, and were prone and susceptible to developing painful barbs.
Ames Diagnostics created portable glucose meters in 1969 as a method to determine if an unconscious patient was diabetic or just drunk. Although these original meters weighed around three pounds, more recent technologies have reduced the size to that of a hand held calculator.
Insulin pumps, designed to mimic the natural insulin production of the human body, were created in the late 70’s, and were at first carried by patients as a backpack type setup. Technology has impacted these as well, and they are now small enough to clip onto a belt or pocket. Much more recently, oral medications have been released to the market that does the job of insulin pumps, making it so that a lot of diabetics merely have to take a pill to control their insulin.
With so much recent advancement in the medical world, it seems that it may not be too long before type 2 diabetes history comes to a close.