Genetic inheritance causes Type 2 diabetes. But factors such as excess weight around the abdominal area, lack of exercise and even the stress of surgery, interact with the genetic risk to trigger the disease. Although it is true people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are found to be insulin-resistant before they actually become obese, sedentary, or undergo surgery.
It is important for men to know the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes in order to lower their risk of developing it. Men over 40 years of age, especially those who are overweight with a waistline of or greater than 40 inches (100 cm), and have a family history of diabetes are the most vulnerable.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is not able to produce enough insulin or the body is not able to properly utilize the available insulin. Insulin is required by the body for glucose absorption by the tissues and cells. Since the glucose or sugar is not absorbed by the body, it remains in the blood stream giving rise to high blood sugar levels.
The problem with Type 2 diabetes is the body can harbor the condition for years before the individual is even aware something is wrong. The symptoms can often be dismissed due to age, weight gain or lack of physical activity. By the time a diagnosis is confirmed, significant change within the body has occurred.
One of the most common issues with diabetes in men is impotence. Unstable blood sugar attacks nerves throughout the body, even in the penis. Diabetes can damage the parasympathetic nervous system so the male cannot get an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. The good news is, like many other complications, once blood sugar levels are brought under control, the condition will likely improve.
Most men have a tendency to carry their excess weight around the abdominal area. But when you see extra fat on a man’s midsection that is only part of the problem: the rest of the fat is packed inside the abdominal area around the:
- intestines, and
This can cause a condition know as fatty liver, although diabetes does not cause fatty liver disease. Type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease have a tendency to occur in the same people because the two conditions cause both problems. A fatty liver can cause many complications. Even though the excess fat inside the abdominal area (visceral fat) is crowding all of the organs, the liver is receiving the brunt of the damage.
Other related symptoms of Type 2 diabetes for men to be aware of include:
- dry mouth,
- increased hunger,
- weak or blurred vision,
- numbness in hands or feet, and
- infections of the skin or urinary tract.
Each of these conditions can vary in severity.
As with women, men have to adopt a regimen that includes:
- eating a balanced diet of healthy foods,
- starting a routine of low-impact exercise, and
- checking their blood sugar levels on a regular basis.
Once excess weight is lowered and blood sugar levels remain within a stable range, it is often possible for men to reduce their medication. Some men are able to come off their medication altogether. Don’t make the decision to lower your medication alone, check with your doctor once your body weight and blood sugar levels lower.