Type 1 Diabetes – Overview, Symptoms, and Management

When the body has difficulty in regulating its blood sugar, or glucose levels a disorder is contracted named, diabetes. Medicically known as diabetes mellitus, it is a lifelong disease that needs to be treated and managed properly in order to prevent other serious complications to occur.

How does Type 1 diabetes is contracted?

When the immune system attacks and destroys some cells (beta cells) found in the pancreas, type 1 diabetes disease is already contracted. Type 1 diabetes, otherwise known as insulin-dependent diabetes, or juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disease wherein patients must take daily insulin injection for the survival. This disease is one of the most chronic diseases that occurs to young people, often the children.

Because of the attack, the pancreas is unable to produce or does not produce insulin at all, which is needed by the body for the energy. The result is an increase of glucose amount in the blood, which consequentially spills to the urine. The increased level may result to too many complications associated to diabetes so patients are undergoing regular medical treatment, plus they need to watch their diet.

The most common type 1 diabetes signs and symptoms are:

– Excessiveness and frequency of urination

Excessive thirstiness

– Fatigue

– Losing weight even with increased food appetite

– Susceptibility to different infections

Diagnosing Type 1 diabetes

People with this disease can easily be diagnosed, only within a month after the onset of the symptoms. The doctors may draw blood samples from you and check or measure its content of sugar or glucose levels.

Other specific types of diagnosis may include the following:

· Random blood glucose – sample blood is drawn and checked. Level of more than 200 mg / dl is already an indication of diabetes symptom.

· Fasting blood glucose – blood is drawn early in the morning following an 8-hour period of not eating and drinking beverages except water. 126 mg / dl or higher content of blood sugar level is a diabetes symptom.

· Urine glucose – glucose may spill over to the urine so this can also be checked of sugar content.

· Urine ketones – presence of ketones in the urine is another indication of the symptom.

· Oral glucose tolerance testing – the patient is asked to drink sweet and sugary beverage after an initial fasting blood sugar is obtained.

· Glycosylated hemoglobin – this is the test done to patients who have been diagnosed using other tests. Doctors operate this test in order to monitor the insulin level of the patient upon which he prescribes a diet to maintain or control your insulin intake.

How to manage Type 1 diabetes?

To control blood sugar or glucose level, a daily one or more dose of insulin is injected to the patient. Injections can be done either through a pen / syringe directly into the skin or through a belt with a pump injecting a continuous concoction of the insulin.

The patients themselves can administer injection for themselves upon learning of the process. In the cases of children patients, their parents or older guardians may take the responsibility.

Exercise and diet to affect Type 1 diabetes patients

Dietary choices are often the same with other people without the disease provided they follow the right pyramid pattern of healthy diets. They need to eat healthy variety of foods and beverages and must eat constantly at the right time, as this is an important factor for the insulin injection. Furthermore, they need to watch out on the content of nutrition labels of what they eat to maintain eating normal levels.

Physical exercising can also benefit the patients but they should know how much time and intensity of the workout that they should carry on. The main benefit that exercising can provide you is your need for insulin may decrease. It is also important to maintain regular amount of workout in the daily basis in order for you to adjust easily your insulin dosages.