Trigeminal Neuralgia is a chronic pain that is felt on one side of the jaw or cheek. In simple words it is a disease of the facial nerves and is also known as tic douloureaux. The pain is sudden and excruciating producing a burning or a shocking sensation. Though each episode of the pain is not long-lasting the intensity. The attack is sudden and it can last days, weeks, or months or even disappear for years or months together. Although this nerve disorder is not life threatening, the pain is physically and mentally intolerable.
According to the data collected, it is seen that TN is more common in people over 50 and more women are affected than men. Patients suffering from this disease have complained of tingling or numbing sensation before the attacks. The intense and sporadic attacks of pain are often triggered by talking, brushing teeth, eating or even exposure to the wind. Any vibration can start an attack. Severe cases like these can be cured with trigeminal neuralgia surgery.
According to all the Trigeminal Neuralgia information, collected over the years the cause of this disease is unknown. However, there is some evidence that this disorder inherited and depends upon the pattern of blood vessel formation. The disease gets its name from the Trigeminal nerve. The attack happens when a blood vessel presses the Trigeminal nerve at the point where it exits the brain. The disease may occur as a normal aging process or sometimes in case of multiple sclerosis or damage of the myelin sheath that act as a protecting covering to the nerves.
Trigeminal Neuralgia information reveals that the disease is difficult to diagnose as facial pains may be due to various reasons. Treatments for this disease may differ depending on the cause and the intensity -of the pain. Medicines like anti-convulsants and tricyclic anti-depressants. Surgeries and other complementary approaches like portable ultrasound are also considered to the viable treatment options for this disease. However, trigeminal neuralgia surgery is recommended only if medical treatment fails to relive the pain and produce intolerable side effects.
In combination with drugs Trigeminal Neuralgia patients have been known to use complementary techniques like acupuncture, nutritional therapy, vitamin therapy and sometimes electrical simulation of the nerves.