Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. Symptoms include simple and complex types of tics, which usually first appear in childhood and gradually improve by early adulthood. This condition may have a progressive or disabling course in about 10% of those affected. TS is believed to be a hereditary disorder and may be associated with other conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The Ayurvedic treatment of TS is aimed at controlling the tics and preventing neurobehavioral complications. Medicines like Yograj-Guggulu, Maha-Rasnadi-Guggulu, Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras, Vat-Gajankush-Ras and Dashmoolarishta are used to control the involuntary movements. Herbal medicines which can be used in this condition include Shallaki (Boswellia serrata), Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Tagar (Valeriana wallichii), Deodar (Cedrus deodara), Erandmool (Ricinus communis), Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica), Vishwa (Zinziber officinalis), Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum), Prushnaparni (Uraria picta), Agnimanth (Premna mucronata) and Shyonak (Oroxylum indicum).
People who do not respond to the above mentioned treatment can be given other medicines like Ekang-Veer-Ras, Tapyadi-Loh, Kaishor-Guggulu, Trayodashang-Guggulu, Vish-Tinduk-Vati and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani. Sedative herbs like Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Khurasani ova (Hyoscyamus niger) and Jaiphal (Myristica fragrans) also help in giving relief from tics. Medicated oils like Mahanarayan oil, Mahamash oil, Chandan-Bala-Laxadi oil, Vishgarbha oil and Maha-Saindhavadi oil are applied locally. This is followed by localized steam fomentation of the affected parts using medicines like Nirgundi-Qadha and Dashmool-Qadha.
Since TS is often associated with other neurobehavioral problems, additional medicines need to be given to treat these conditions. These medicines include Brahmi-Vati, Saraswatarishta, Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Abhrak-Bhasma, Trivang-Bhasma and Suvarna-Bhasma.
Most people affected with TS can lead a normal life with proper medications. Treatment needs to be tailor-made for each individual person. Psychotherapy may also be useful for a few people affected with TS.