To understand knee joint pain in a better way, it is very important to know about the components of the knee. The femur, which is the thigh bone, and the tibia, which is the shin bone meet at knee joint. These are connected together by ligaments, and the knee cap covers the joint.
The joint is divided into three compartments, which are medial, lateral and the patellofemoral. The medial is the inner side of the knee, lateral is towards the outside of the knee, while the patellfemoral is the area behind the kneecap.
Synovial fluid is a liquid which lubricates the joints and provides it with essential nutrients. While the synovial fluid reduces friction between joints, it also acts as a shock absorber and ensures smooth functioning and movement of joints.
When there is a problem with any of the components of the knee, it can cause pain, and one of the reasons could be extended or intense physical activity. Nevertheless, one can be inflicted by knee joint pain irrespective of his levels of physical activity, and at any age.
The underlying causes of knee joint pain could be strains, ligament sprains, muscle tears or even meniscus within the joints. Alternately, knee joint pain may be caused by more severe conditions, which could be bone fractures, dislocation, or ailments like osteoarthritis.
With some regular activity and exercise, muscles around the knee joint strengthen, and if one’s activity levels are lower, he could be more prone to knee joint pain. But it works both ways. If one is suffering from knee joint pain, it could be indicative that the knees might have been overworked, and activity levels must be reduced.
When one suffers from knee pain, it is invariably recommendable to avoid some exercises until you recover completely, and these include any high impact activities that can put strain on the knee joint. In such a scenario, one must avoid flexing exercises, and anything that involves squatting, jumping and running. As an alternative, one could go for low impact exercises, such as swimming and walking.
In some cases, knee joint pain calls for specialized medical attention, and one should consult with a physician if the knee joint pain persists for long. Similarly, medical attention could become necessary if one suffers from an accident, if there is any sort of deformity in the knee, or if swelling in the knee becomes worse over time.
Topical remedies are nowadays gaining great prominence for people suffering from joint pain. And a simple topical remedy can go a long way in ensuring relief from pain and everyday well being, allowing a person to do more by letting him be fitter and more energetic.
One of the key advantages of going for a topical remedy is that the medication acts locally on the inflicted area, and chances of occurrence of any side reactions are thus minimized. This is in contrast with the oral medications, which have an effect on the entire body and could at times be associated with side effects like nausea and drowsiness.
Topical remedies are thus considered as the best remedies for people on the go, as you can use these and carry on with your day. Regular use of a topical medication would not just help one overcome the pain, but by facilitating proper movement of joints, would allow the joints to heal and strengthen over time.