In order to treat and prevent tonsil-stones you first must understand what they are. The tonsils are structures that are very much like glands that are located at the back of the throat. Each side of the throat houses a tonsil and tonsils contain tissue that is made up of cells called lymphocytes that are there to prevent as well as fight any infection that invades the mouth.
The tonsils contain plenty of crevices where bacteria, dead cells and mucous can hide. When this takes place the material that becomes trapped can develop into white formations that become concentrated in the pockets of the tonsils.
Tonsil-stones (also known as tonsilloliths) develop when the material that is trapped gets harder and then calcifies. To treat these stones you first must recognize that you have them. They most commonly develop in individuals who suffer from tonsillitis fairly often and / or those who suffer from tonsils that are inflamed on a more or less chronic basis.
Bad breath is one of the most common symptoms of tonsilloliths and so is white debris in the back of the throat and a problem swallowing. Ear pain can sometimes accompany tonsil-stones as can a sore throat. It is likely that the tonsil in question can swell and become infected as a result of tonsilloliths.
In order to prevent tonsilloliths take care with your mouth. Gargle with warm salt water on a consistent basis. Or if you prefer, find a mouthwash that is both free of alcohol and sugar.
To prevent the development of bacteria in the mouth, choose toothpaste that oxygenates your mouth. To treat these stones you have a few options available to you. First of all be aware that many people get them and do not even know it as they do not cause any symptoms and fall out on their own (such as when the person coughs).
If you do have tonsil-stones and they are causing you problems then dislodge them at home with the help of a water pick or a cotton swab. Gargling with salt water can help to loosen the stones and relieve discomfort.