Hiatal hernia is a dysfunction which occurs within the body when an organ protrudes past the muscle walls which are responsible for holding that organ in place and inside the body. This protrusion emerges within the upper section of the stomach into the thorax from a tear in the diaphragm. There are two main types of hiatal hernia, one is par esophageal hernia, which occurs when the upper section of the stomach pushes through the hiatus permanently and rest next to the esophagus. The other is called sliding hernias which causes the gastro-esophageal junction and a portion of the upper section of the stomach to slide up through the hiatus and into the chest cavity.
Having hiatal hernia can get complicated because many persons who have developed it display no symptoms of having the illness, then later on they start to experience symptoms and this time it has more likely become very serious. The basic symptoms are, pain in the upper stomach and chest. This is caused from heart burn and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Symptoms usually become severe when the person leans forward or lie down or when they try to lift heavy equipment. Hiatal hernia also exhibit symptoms like excessive coughing, and difficulty when swallowing food, extreme belching and even hiccups. These symptoms are especially more painful for women experiencing pregnancy.
If It is not detected formally and treated then it may become much worse and start to let the individual encounter even more harmful symptoms for instance strangulated hernia which occurs when the part of the abdomen that protrudes through the diaphragm loses its blood supply and begins to die . This produces unbearable discomfort in the chest and abdomen. Other severe symptoms include nausea, constipation andability to pass your gas. All of these can become agonizing
These occurrences are thought to be a medical emergency that needs urgent medical attention. If you start to throw up blood then this is an indication that you need to visit a hospital. As well as If your stool turns dark and tarry, if your heart beat becomes abnormal and you start to feel dizziness or shortness of breath, then these are also indications of severity. If these symptoms show up you may be asked to take a series of test to properly inspect your body.
There are a number of practices that can increase the possibility of getting a hiatal hernia. For example more stress on the body, due to overworking, or limited amounts. Search for ways of minimizing your stress level at home, work or school. Your heredity may also play an essential role in you being affected by hiatal hernia, if it is known to run in your family then you should consider getting a check up and start to steps to adjust your lifestyle so that you reduce your chances of getting it .
Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking, increases your risk of being affected by hiatal hernias, also obesity and the training that comes with constipation. Refrain from trying to do anything which places your body under more strain such as picking up heavy objects or constantly bending over. Also try to exercise more regularly and stay away from fried and fatty foods, surplus amounts of alcohol and food that have caffeine.