Thrush Yeast Infection FAQ – Causes and Symptoms of Thrush Infections

It is estimated that around 75% of women experience a  thrush  yeast infection at some point in their adult lives.  Thrush  infections are extremely common and millions of women are affected every year.

But it is not just women who suffer from  thrush .

 Thrush  infections are caused by a strain of yeast known as candida albicans. These yeast cells are found naturally in your digestive system, mouth, and vagina and even on your skin in small quantities.

 Thrush  infections develop when the yeast cells grow out of control. This happens when the normal balance of bacteria that keeps candida in check is upset or disturbed.

What Causes a  Thrush  Yeast Infection?

There are many reasons why your natural balance may be disturbed:

• Hormonal imbalance – pregnancy, contraception and HRT, puberty, menstrual cycle

• Regular use of antibiotics

• Stress

• Immune deficiencies – HIV/AIDS, diabetes, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments

• Poor diet

What are Symptoms of  Thrush  Infections?

 Thrush  refers to yeast infection symptoms that are visible. It is worth noting though that candida albicans can affect the whole body and has a range of symptoms not automatically associated with yeast infections.

Symptoms of  Thrush  Yeast Infection in Women

• Redness and irritation of the labia

• Vaginal itching

• Burning sensation when passing water

• Thick vaginal discharge often resembling cottage cheese

Symptoms of  Thrush  Yeast Infection in Men

• Inflammation of the head of the penis

• Itching

• Possible thick “cottage cheese like” discharge

• Possibly small red spots on the head of the penis

Some men do not show usual symptoms but still carry the  thrush  infection. It is possible to pass  thrush  from partner to partner during sex BUT it is just as possible to contract  thrush  and not be sexually active!

Symptoms of Oral  Thrush 

Oral  thrush  is usually associated with babies or people who wear dentures. It can affect all ages.

• Raised white, cream or yellow coloured spots on the tongue. There is generally no pain but if the spots are scraped they will bleed.

• There may be an uncomfortable burning sensation in the mouth and throat

 Thrush  yeast infections are normally considered mild and usual. However,  thrush  is only the visible signs of candida albicans. Many people suffer with recurring  thrush  infections without realising that this could be a sign of a more serious infection or illness.

People who suffer from recurring  thrush  yeast infections should consult their health care professional to confirm that  thrush  is the correct diagnosis. With visible signs of  thrush  this is easily done by the health care provider taking a swab or scrapping and having it analysed. Candida shows up easily under a microscope.