Thrush is a mouth infection that is caused by Candida fungus. It is also known as oral yeast infection.
Thrush can infect all, irrespective of age and sex. It occurs generally in infants and people with weak immune systems. Candida is normally present in human body in the digestive tract, genitalia, mouth, and skin. The good bacteria in the body usually keep these in check. However, use of birth control pills, antibiotics and certain other medications can kill the good bacteria and lead to over growth of Candida, leading to thrush.
Symptoms of Thrush
Thrush may develop without any warning. However, some of the most common symptoms include:
· White and creamy lesions in tongue and mouth and inside the cheeks, which look like cottage cheese.
· The scars may bleed occasionally
· It may cause fever if the infection has crossed esophagus
· Chocked feeling in the throat and the chest.
· Difficulty in swallowing food.
Diagnosis of Thrush
The dentist would examine the mouth for detecting presence of thrush infection, and would look out for lesions in the mouth, tongue and cheeks.
Treatment of Thrush
Once the infection is confirmed, it is easy to treat thrush in kids and otherwise healthy individuals. However, it can lead to complications for people suffering from other diseases such as HIV and cancer as their immune system is weak.
Doctors would generally prescribe anti fungal drugs to be taken orally for 10-15 days.
Home Remedies for Thrush
Apart from medication, you can also try some home remedies to get rid of thrush infection as follows:
· Fill your mouth with plain yogurt for about 1 minute, then rinse the mouth thoroughly.
· Apply unrefined coconut oil in the mouth over the lesions. You can also use tea tree oil.
· Clove oil has antifungal properties and is considered effective in curing thrush. Clove oil is pungent in taste and therefore it should not be used to cure thrush in babies.
· Take one tea spoon of apple cider vinegar and mix it with one cup of water. Gargle with this water two to three times a day.
In addition, you should take preventive steps to avoid Thrush infection:
· Maintain a good oral hygiene. Brush at least twice a day and use floss at least once.
· Gargle with water after each meal.
· Avoid using mouth wash and mouth spray as they hamper the natural balance and allow the fungus to thrive.
· If you are wearing dentures, see to it that it fixes securely in mouth. Ill fitted dentures are the most common cause of Thrush in elderly.
· Quit smoking if you are doing so.
· Maintain a well balanced and regular lifestyle.
· Avoid refined and processed food such as white bread, refined sugar etc
· Drink ample water to keep your body hydrated.
Thrush can be cured. However, it is advisable to take preventive steps to avoid it in the first place.