They were raping mother africa of her human resources


Thinking back on Africa’s capture and to focus on the pain and brutality and the great physical suffering it was rampart and vicious. It was taken place among the African tribes and the contrary at more disadvantages by the same African kings and vassals. Pain, suffering, and brutality, much as they were feared and avoided, were part of the imagined possibilities of everyone, everywhere. They were trapped from above, throwing on them nests and to be sold to Englishmen or Portuguese. It was a treacherous and awful surprise from whatever point they were walking: Around the Senegal River, south and east, along the Bight of Benin, and south again below the Congo River to include a region we now call Angola. Yet whatever their real or imagined difference, great or small, the progeny of these Africans was caught up while losing all vestiges of tribal difference, giving an ironic validity to a coming nation’s slogan: the Gold of Human Flesh.


            They were transported to a special quarter, chained them and made them to walk for a stretching inland for two or three hundred miles to a warehouse but only the strongest would survive. The so-called point of no return which Oscar Handlin in his book titled Race and Nationality in American Life tells us, such facility was large and down to the coast. The Negroes were too much crowded together, and had no idea what was going on. They were Bambara, Fulani, Mandinka, Wolof from the Senegambia, and the people from Dahomey called themselves the Whydahs; there were also the Ashanti, Coromantes, Fanti, Gao, Hausa, Ibo, Yoruba, Angola—who from a short of time they were kings or vassals or enemies that, at that moment, they all gained up themselves like a substance of breaking spirit.

            Several months later, when the warehouse had been filled with Black human souls, a dreadful and awful journey had begun to an Atlantic crossing, into American slavery.

            In his remarkable book, From Slavery to Freedom, A History of African Americans, John Hope Franklin and his associates stated that the vessel or the Brook that had been built to accommodate 317 it would be filled more than 519 African natives. In the lengthwise cross the ship, the traders pushed them and forced them to lie down. A line of 290 Negroes were bodily down as others were coming. In each compartment there were hundreds of iron rings in the floor and ceiling for the only purpose of securing the Africans. While some had been piled up among the women and children, others were forced to twist themselves on a sit-position in the middle of it. In the lower deck as well as the half deck along the platform there were several rooms so far that was allowed about 12 people; but a torturous sense in physical body was now filled with more than 100 African natives whose hands were tightened up against themselves by stretching it to a hang-chained robe. Framed now by the rest of the overseers who were still pushing Africans to accommodate the last one; the atrocious but prophetic moment had come to close where the African sunlight had blocked against them. Those who were forced to make it traversed worlds of mind and spirit, leaving what they were and becoming the shadows of heartless souls.


            Several months without eat except water they arrived to a strange world. Some Negroes who did not make it were tossed overboard to the sea; but disease, frailty, brutality, and suicide had taken also a heavy toll. But those who had made, they were stretched out into a building house. It consisted of a large room where the overseers and managers began to give them life. The New African Slaves were forced to wash among themselves; then they received their food. A minute later, they were examined by a local doctor. Those who were strong as well as women and children were separated and lodged into another room. Such room displayed throughout a remarkable neatness where black overseers go about everywhere armed cow-hide as Willie Lee Rose, in his Document History of Slavery in North America, pointed out.

            A month later, they were transported to a second building or parlor where the final preparation of selling would take place. There they were admitted into a yard surrounded by fence. Here they could find the female slaves, amounting to thirty or forty. Next to it there were the men in the second yard. These, too, were well dressed, and everything about them had a neat and comfortable appearance. Besides these, they sent a considerable number of submissive bondage. Their place of destination would be Natchez, where they would be exposed for sale.

            On their arrival, while they were making of these preliminary observations, the lots of sale had not made up their appearance. In about five minutes afterwards they were ushered in, one after the other, under the charge of a mulatto, who seemed to act as principal assistant. There were no whips, chains, or any other engine of force. All the lots took their seats on two long forms near the stove; none skewed any sign of resistance. Their manner was that of perfect humanity and resignation.

            While intending purchasers were on the proceeding with personal examination, an auctioneer’s voice was heard

            “Sale is going to commerce. This way, gentlemen! Well, gentlemen here are a capital woman and her three children! All of them in good health and we sell them only for $890 dollars!”

            The next lot bought forward was one of the men. The mulatto beckoning to him with his hand, requested him to come behind a canvas screen, of two leaves, which was standing near the back-window. The man placidly rose, and having been placed behind the screen, was ordered to take off his clothes, which he did without a word. About a dozen gentlemen crowded to the spot while the poor Negro was stripping himself, and as soon as he stood on the floor, bare from top to toe, a most rigorous scrutiny of his person was instituted. The clear black skin, back and front, was viewed all over for sores from disease; and there was no part of his body left unexamined. The [black] man was told to open and shut his hands, asked if he could pick cotton, and every tooth in his mouth was scrupulously looked at. The investigation being at an end, he was ordered to dress himself; and having done so, was requested to walk to the block.

            Such were a foreseer’s experience in the slave-market of the New World. The comparatively simple annals of the African trade of the past it seemed necessary so closely interwoven as a whole gave way to a far more confused series of events.  For which it had already appeared upon the west coast of Africa that were joined by Dutch, Dane, Swede, Britain, French and Portuguese, all struggling for a share of the spot. For example the difficulties inherent in the close proximity of rival nations they were desirous of the same commodity that it was increased by the possibility of gaining native allies, and African tribes on war it would be best to suit for what one could call it dislocation process. Each territory in African tribes was on war, and above all the form and the powers of the Company leasing which carried it on, all these and many more details demanded attention in every character of rape identity as well.

            The so-called dislocation process, where the slave trade had become a method of social and economic life in Europe as well as in America, it was huge in all the varied tones of raping and uninterrupted by a wholesale proportion. It assumed so important as well as contradictory because African people were the responsible to carry it on.

            The immediate process of selling and leasing, especially by the Royal Africa Company and Portugal Firms dependent of the charter of actually formatted of power among these relations, applying as well to the proportional distribution-war among French trade of seventeenth century and English trade of eighteenth century or both in which William Bosnan, A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea, 1721, Philip D. Curtin (The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census) and Elizabeth Donnan (Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America) told us in these remarkable narrative books. With the Restoration of the potential wealth in slave trade of Africa gained immediate attention, a patent was granted on December 18, 1600 as Donnan recognized; but once the patentees attempted trade it, the strength of the Dutch on the African coast was manifested, and their hostility forced a re-organization of the company. The first charter was replaced by a grant of larger powers as Donnan promptly told us. That the Rights of the patentees of 1661 were not yet legally extinguished as it had been suggested by the cautious wording of this chapter, which makes the new grant, whose term was one thousand years, contingent upon the expiration.

            Therefore was no evidence that the East India Company when it leased the Gold Coast factories intended to purchase Negroes beyond those needed as company servants. One was looking in vain for any indication that this was unusual or surprising, because in 1649 two Britain merchants, by the names of Burchet and Phillips, offered to supply to the Spanish-American plantations with 3000 Negroes a year. There could be no question but that the Company was expected to trade, and did trade in Negroes from its creation.  For the first time mentioned the trade in Negroes as part of the recognized activities of a chartered African Company, so between August 11, 1663, and November 17, 1664, according to Donnan, Zook estimated that the company had sent 3,075 Negroes to Barbados. References to trade in the correspondence passing between the islands and England support, and Donnan continued that the belief was from that early years of the company were years of considerable activity and the patent itself; however, it led no aid to either interpretation of its purpose but offers the recent interruption of orderly trade” as the reason for the establishment.

            How much these privileged groups or the independent traders who harassed them in slaves it was impossible to say. But according to Professor Curtin’s book, with a full with substantially data, including origin, destination, and number of slaves carried for about 450 of them could be enormous. Not including where the number of slaves carried was missing from the list. Or even likely, that the slave trade continued to grow heavily at the period. It’s hard to escape the conclusion that the initial French (English, Portuguese, Spanish and others) impact was not simply additive. As a result, it was only after that the economic consequences began to be felt and the levels of the slave trade rose dramatically.