Nail fungus or Onchymosis is a nail fungal infection affecting the toenails or fingernails. But it usually occurs four times in the toenails rather than the fingernails. Early symptoms of the infection could usually go unnoticed and is not seen until the situation becomes worse. Toenail fungus is very rare at younger ages but the incidence rate increase over age. And also, around 40% Americans are said to be infected at the age of seventy.
This infection may be due to a certain fungus among several kinds of fungi known to mankind. They dwell in dark places as well as warm and moist environments. Most toenail fungus are due to dermatophyte fungi. Upon fungal proliferation, they consume the keratin of the nails. The keratin is the protein responsible for making he nails hard.
The following fungus symptoms may occur: nail discoloration to yellow, green, brown, black, or purple), inflammation, itching, presence of pus and small bumps, nail thickening, nail streaks or spots, nail splitting, and cracked or brittle nails. Toenail fungus is harder to heal in comparison to a fingernail fungus. This is because the toenail growth is very slow compared to the fingernails.
A toenail infection is usually due to a fungus entering inside nail or skin cuts and trauma. Constant exposure to moist environment like public showers can also lead to toenail fungus.
Those people with low immune system like diabetics are commonly prone to toenail fungus. Once the infection is already there, the tendency is that it may be very difficult to treat or cure because of the poor performance of their body’s immune system to fight against infection or foreign body.
Today, a variety of options and toenail fungus remedy are available in the market, online and at home such as topical creams or ointments, laser treatment, oral anti-fungal medications, surgical removal of the nail, natural products, home remedies like tea tree oil and apple cider vinegar, Vicks vaporub, etc.
But as a final note, always remember that prevention is much better than cure. Moreover, prevention is always the best cure. For the reason that the inside of the shoe is dark and sometimes moist and warm, it becomes the favorite dwelling places for fungi. Therefore, make sure to wear breathable and well fit shoes; avoid those that are tight. And for the socks you wear, replace them frequently to avoid moist from sweating feet which may cause a toenail fungus.