The numerous arteries, veins and capillaries running through our body make a unique picture, similar to the worldwide map of the rivers and their tributaries. Just as the river courses through its winding road – gushing and gurgling in a natural manner, sweeping away all minor snags and obstacles, the blood does the same in our body. It carries the good and the bad depositing each at its designated place. Thus, the system is operating normally and the person is healthy and hearty.
This happy disposition is abruptly halted when a minute clotting in the blood can not get through an arterial pass and is stuck. Immediately, message is transmitted to the brain and help is rushed to the spot, much like our emergency system. Unfortunately, the passage is too small and thus the blood can go no further. Which means, stop of blood supply and the essential oxygen to the brain. No oxygen, no functioning and that part of the brain, starved of oxygen (its food) become inoperative. This means, that part of the body this particular portion of brain manages becomes listless, paralyzed. Now the question is where and how did this clotting happen?
A tiny air bubble or a minute fat deposit in the blood system could encourage the clotting and it can grow in size if your atrial fibrillation is high, which means, you have a high tendency to clot too soon when you cut yourself. Though this is better than bleeding away inconsistently, it can have a negative effect inside the blood vessel. It is advisable to check your atrial fibrillation. Besides, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, smoking, high intake of alcohol and heart problems can also trigger a stroke One aspirin a day helps to decrease your chances of a stroke, but should be taken only under a doctor's advice. The clotting of blood in the blood vessel and thereafter a stroke is the most common type of stroke, accounting for nearly 80 percent of the cases. It is called the ischemic stroke.
The gushing river, when massively obstructed, can break its banks under pressure and go wayward. Similarly, the other type of stroke known as hemorrhagic stroke is the bursting of a blood vessel, thus stopping the normal flow of blood to the brain.
Like the river, our arteries too need to have a clean, snag-free path to accomplish its duties – which is primarily reaching oxygen and blood to the brain. There are numerous projects all over the world to keep the rivers clean and healthy, thus avoiding so many rippling effects of a dried river, over flooded river and so on. You can do the same to keep your heart healthy by following a few rules in life. Lead a healthy life style, have good eating habits and keep the body working, keep it normal and natural as you were meant to be.
Some recommendations from the medical world, which are also useful in avoiding other ailments, are – maintain a diet rich in fish / fish oil (omega-3 fatty acids), fruits and vegetables (potassium, antioxidants), beans and oatmeal (soluble fiber ), food rich in calcium, soy products and soymilk. Go slow with salt and sugar intake; avoid alcohol as far as possible, stop smoking (it reduces the stroke risk immensely) and generally lead an active, healthy life.
A stagnant river is dirty, infested with disease and germs and harmful. So is your body when it is inactive. You must do minimal exercise on a daily basis; it helps to keep up the blood circulation going. A sedentary life-style is not healthy – period. Walk, run, jog, or go to the gym, – anything that suits your life style and circumstances. The point here is not to get into a habit of inaction.
Stress, worry and anxiety are also indirect causes for a stroke. You can make a conscious effort to de-stress yourself, avoid worrying and getting unnecessarily anxious. It helps to keep active – mentally and physically in a positive manner.