The common procedure met in U.S. to repair hernia is surgery, but some people choose the laparoscopic approach to hernia repair because reduce the pain and duration of recovery.
Hernias can be met at men and women too, and can be: inguinal or in the groin, umbilical or at the belly button and incisional or at the site of a previous operation. When in the abdominal wall is a weakening of muscle tissue that permits nearby tissues to “pouch” or bulge out into a small sac appear hernia which is associated usually with severe pain.
There are the common symptoms of hernia: bulge under the skin, pain when lifting, coughing, straining during a bowel movement or urination and prolonged standing or sitting. Usually hernias require surgery because cannot be improved by themselves. It is possible that surgical repair to prevent or not hernia from recurring. If these symptoms appear a doctor must be consult immediately because serious problems that require emergency surgery may appear.
The application of a patch of surgical mesh to the weakened area is used in hernias repair by the surgeons. They with surgical staples apply the mesh to the herniated area. Surgeon means the specialized video equipment and instruments used in laparoscopic hernia repair which can repair the weakened area through several tiny incisions. There are some advantages using this method like: brief hospitalization, less pain, fewer and smaller scars and a shorter recovery.
A safe and effective treatment for hernia complications is laparoscopic hernia repair. This method can be dangerous if appear infection, adhesions or variations in anatomy. From this point of view surgeon takes the decision to continue application of a patch of surgical mesh to the weakened through the traditional incision to safely complete the operation. From surgeon decision can be prevent dangerous complications.
Rarely appear some complications like bleeding and infection. For this operation is uncommon to require a blood transfusion. The urinary bladder, the intestines, blood vessels, nerves or the sperm tube going to the testicle can be injury. Before the surgery a person can make some routine blood tests, an EKG and a chest x-ray. These tests are made if the surgeon or family doctor order that. The patient must not eat 8 hours before surgery and must discuss with the doctor about the medications that is taking. Generally aspirin, Ibuprofen or Motrin, Coumadin and Plavix need to be stopped for several days.
Generally this operation is made with general anesthesia and occasionally regional or spinal anesthesia. The patient will have in his arm an IV line for fluids and he will be brought into the operation room where the anesthesiologist and nurses will use monitors to check heart rate and breathing during the procedure. After the operation is finished the patient will be awakened from anesthesia in the operating room. Patient will be helped by the nurses in the recovery room to go out of bed or to drink something after a few hours from operation. The patient soon after the surgery feels groggy and nauseated and from these discomforts are used medications which are helpful.
Many people with hernia appeal to laparoscopic repair because it is safe, reduce the pain and the duration of recovery, so they can go home the same day after the operation.
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