Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is also known as Basic Life Support. It is a method that includes providing artificial circulation and respiration to sustain life in a person which heartbeat and breathing has ceased. CPR is commonly performed to a collapsed or drowned person, especially if respiration and pulse is absent.
Having CPR training will enable you to save lives. When blood flow in the brain is diminished, it will be moved with oxygen. Without oxygen, brain cells may die and death will occur. If one has CPR training, he will be able to support and continue the oxygen supply to the brain by giving rescue breaths and chest compressions. Experts say that 50% of heart attack victims are saved if an early CPR is started.
Who Can Give Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation?
Do you know that you can give CPR during emergency cases? You do not need to be a medical professional to provide a CPR. Actually, anyone can provide CPR as long as he received formal education of standard first aid course or if he had undergone CPR training.
Quick Actions Prior to Giving CPR
1. If you came across a collapsed victim, survey the scene first. Inspect the area. If the area is unsafe, move the person to a safe place.
2. Assess the victim. Tap the victim's shoulder. Check if he is conscious or not.
3. Before you decide for a CPR, assessment for the victim's Airway, Breathing and
Circulation (ABC). Observe the victim's chest – does it rise and fall? Feel for his pulse. Inspect his mouth for obstructions. If pulse and breathing is absent, this is the time to initiate CPR.
How is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Done?
1. Perform head-tilt-chin-lift maneuver. First, you need to do the head-tilt-chin-lift maneuver. To do this, tilt the forehead of the victim using your palm, and then pinch the victim's nose using your middle finger and thumb of the same hand. Using your other hand, perform chin lift maneuver. To do this, pull the victim's chin using your index and middle finger, and thumb to open the victim's mouth. Then do a mouth seal. Blow two breaths into the victim's mouth – an indication of a correct mouth seal is that the chest of the victim rises with every blow.
2. Start chest compressions. Position the heel of your palm to the middle of the victim's chest. Start 30 compressions with alternates of 2 rescue breaths.
3. When the first cycle is completed, check for the victim's breathing and pulse. If present, stop the compressions and position the victim into a recovery position. If still absent, the cycle should be repeated.
Note: chest compressions should never be stopped. It can be stopped when the victim has regained his breathing and pulse or when emergency medical help has arrived.