The Fundamentals of Hernias – Corrective Hernia Surgery Procedures

There was a time when the problem of a hernia used to be a fairly serious issue for any person. However, with the advancement of technology, hernia surgery has dropped down into the category of minor surgeries. A hernia is a problem which shows up in the form of a bulge, either in your groin or abdominal area. This bulge is simply one of the inner organs protruding through the weakened wall of your abdomen or groin. There are primarily five different types of herniae that may require you to go in for hernia surgery. The following are some details.

1. Incision hernia: This is a direct result of one of the earlier surgeries wherein the surgical wound has not healed completely.

2. Umbilical hernia: As the name suggests, these herniae occur in the lower abdomen. As per statistics, this problem usually plagues children of African descent, even though adults in the developed world can also get affected. Obese or pregnant women have also been known to require hernia surgery because of this problem.

3. Inguinal hernia: This is a hernia which is the most common of the lot. In fact, around 75 percent of hernia cases fall under this category. Usually, the location of inguinal hernia is in the groin area, requiring the surgeon to be especially careful during the whole of the hernia surgery.

4. Femoral hernia: The location where this type of hernia occurs is just below the inguinal hernia. Notably, it is difficult to differentiate between an inguinal hernia and a femoral hernia.

5. Diaphragmatic hernia: With diaphragmatic hernia, the protrusion usually does not show on the outside. This type of hernia is a case where abdominal organs push through into the chest cavity due to weakening of the diaphragm.

Symptoms that should be considered as an early warning that you should get hernia surgery done include the bulge, discomfort and unnatural pressure while lifting heavy objects, discomfort while coughing, problems while in the bathroom, and extreme discomfort with exercises or sports. Hernia surgery involves the strengthening of the weakened section of the wall by way of introducing a mesh into the system. The mesh is sewn into the weakened section to provide it with support and to make it stronger. However, there are multiple post surgery care tips that you need to follow in order to avoid any problems later.